Urban Planning and Recreational Parks
Urban planning was evident in the great cities of antiquity: from the orderly streets and sewage systems of Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley to the astonishing urban achievements of Alexandria situated at the mouth of the Nile. In the Western World, urban planning gained importance during the Renaissance as city planners saw a need to create more orderly cities, street plans and public spaces. Modern urban planning developed as a response to the chaos and squalor that the slums of the Industrial Revolution had created.
In the 1920s, the idea of modernism began to gain prominence in urban planning. Based on the ideas of the architect Le Corbusier, cities in the Western World began to focus on skyscraper buildings, which encouraged a certain degree of congestion and alienation. By the late 1960s and early 1970s, many urban planners felt that modernism’s obsession with grand scales sapped the vitality from entire urban communities, which lead to a high crime rate and numerous social ills.
Modern urban planning in many developed countries is more concerned with creating a harmonious community, fostering individualism, and encouraging sustainable development. Sustainable development was a reaction against society’s perceived excesses: its consumption of natural resources, the pollution it generated, as well as the destruction of ecosystems. Moreover, poor urban planning resulted in social inequality and contributed to climate change.
Sustainable urban development is concerned with long-term development that improves the social and ecological health of cities and towns. It is concerned with compact and efficient land use, efficient use of resources, less pollution and waste, the preservation of natural systems, excellent housing and living environments, as well as access to recreation centers and denver colorado parks.
Successful urban planning and development is a collaborative effort between individuals, local institutions, and governments. In the United States, collaborative effort arose as a response to the inadequacy of traditional public participation techniques to provide real opportunities for the public to make decisions that affected their communities. Increased public participation in the urban development process often leads to communities that are more tranquil, better conceived, and contain more denver colorado parks and recreation facilities.
Excellent urban planning minimizes industrial and commercial clutter such as signposts, garish billboards, and posters. Successful urban planning also considers urban character and local identity, respects heritage, and provides ample space for denver colorado recreation centers
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