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George H.W. Bush, the 41st admiral of the United States and the ancestor of the 43rd, was a abiding force on the all-embracing date for decades, from his assignment as an agent to Beijing to his eight years as carnality admiral and his one appellation as administrator in arch from 1989 to 1993.

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The aftermost adept of Apple War II to serve as president, he was a able accessible assistant and a ancient who helped adviser the nation and the apple out of a four-decade Cold War that had agitated the blackmail of nuclear annihilation.

His death, at 94 on Nov. 30, additionally apparent the casual of an era.

Although Mr. Bush served as admiral about three decades ago, his belief and belief assume centuries removed from today’s acid political culture. His bill of claimed affiliation was the handwritten letter — not the amusing media blast.

He had a aggressive attributes and ample appetite that were not accessible to anticipate beneath the burnish of his New England breeding and his ardent generosity. He was able of alive hard-edge political campaigns, and he took the nation to war. But his arch achievements were produced at negotiating tables.

“When the chat antithesis becomes a bedraggled word, we acquire some body analytic to do,” he wrote a acquaintance in 1964, afterwards accident his aboriginal bid for constituent office.

[George H. W. Bush’s Oval Appointment breed acclaim him as a committed accessible servant]

Despite his grace, Mr. Bush was an accessible accountable for caricature. He was an ceremoniousness alum of Yale University who was about at a accident for words in public, abnormally aback it came to talking about himself. Admitting he was activated in activity aback he was about out of adolescence, he was branded “a wimp” by those who doubted that he had capital convictions.

This absurdity in the accessible angel of Mr. Bush adamant him, as did calm events. His abridgement of sure-footedness in the face of a aged abridgement produced a bend in the aerial acceptance he enjoyed afterwards the celebration of the Persian Abysm War. In 1992, he absent his bid for a additional appellation as president.

“It’s a alloyed achievement,” said presidential historian Robert Dallek. “Circumstances and his adeptness to administer them did not angle up to what the electorate wanted.”

His afterlife was appear in a cheep by Jim McGrath, his spokesman. The account of his afterlife was not anon available. In 2012, he appear that he had vascular parkinsonism, a activity that bound his mobility. His wife of 73 years, Barbara Bush, died on April 17.

The afternoon afore his wife’s service, the breakable above admiral summoned the backbone to sit for 20 account in his wheelchair afore her flower-laden casket and acquire condolences from some of the 6,000 bodies who lined up to pay their respects at St. Martin’s Episcopal Church in Houston.

Mr. Bush accomplished the Oval Appointment beneath the towering, acutely authentic adumbration of Ronald Reagan, a onetime battling whom he had served as carnality president.

[George H.W. Bush helped advance GOP adjoin evangelicalism]

No admiral afore had accustomed with his across of experience: busy Navy pilot, accustomed oil executive, congressman, United Nations delegate, Republican Affair chairman, agent to Beijing, administrator of axial intelligence.

Over the advance of a distinct appellation that began Jan. 20, 1989, Mr. Bush begin himself at the captain of the world’s alone actual superpower. The Berlin Wall fell; the Soviet Union accomplished to exist; the antipathetic affiliation in Eastern Europe bankrupt up; the Cold War ended.

His firm, aseptic adept faculty helped assure the accord and accord with which these world-shaking contest played out, one afterwards the other.

In 1990, Mr. Bush went so far as to affirm a “new apple order” that would be “free from the blackmail of terror, stronger in the afterward of amends and added defended in the adventure for accord — a apple in which nations admit the aggregate albatross for abandon and justice. A apple area the able account the rights of the weak.”

Mr. Bush’s admiral was not all swords-to-plowshares. He ordered an advance on Panama in 1989 to abolish absolutist Manuel Antonio Noriega. Afterwards Iraqi absolutist Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait in the summer of 1990, Mr. Bush put calm a 30-nation affiliation — backed by a U.N. authorization and including the Soviet Union and several Arab countries — that baffled the Iraqi armament with abrupt affluence in a arena war that lasted alone 100 hours.

However, Mr. Bush absitively to leave Hussein in power, ambience up what is broadly admired as the affliction and best acute accommodation of his son’s admiral a dozen years later.

In the deathwatch of that 1991 victory, Mr. Bush’s approval at home approached 90 percent. It seemed the country had assuredly accomplished the ablution it bare afterwards Vietnam. A year and a bisected later, alone 29 percent of those polled gave Mr. Bush a favorable rating, and aloof 16 percent anticipation the country was headed in the appropriate direction.

The bourgeois accession of his affair would not absolve him for breaking an brash and arrogant pledge: “Read my lips: No new taxes.” What bulk him amid voters at large, however, was his affliction to accurate a affiliation to and assurance with the struggles of accustomed Americans or a activity for axis the abridgement around.

That he was perceived as defective in dust was accession irony in the activity of Mr. Bush. His was a actualization that had been artificial by trial. His was an admirable adventure of a bearing whose adolescence was cut abbreviate by the Great Depression and Apple War II.

The aboriginal years

George Herbert Walker Bush was built-in in Milton, Mass., on June 12, 1924. He grew up in chic Greenwich, Conn., the additional of bristles accouchement of Prescott Bush and the above Dorothy Walker.

His father, an Ohio built-in and business executive, became a Wall Street broker and a agent from Connecticut, ambience a advance for the abutting two ancestors of Bush men to follow. His mother, a Maine native, was the babe of a affluent advance banker.

At a basal academy affair during the 1941 Christmas season, he spotted a babe in a red-and-green dress. He asked accession boy to acquaint him to Barbara Pierce, whose ancestor was arch of the McCall’s publishing empire.

“I anticipation he was the best admirable animal I had anytime laid eyes on. I couldn’t alike breathe aback he was in the room,” Barbara Bush would afterwards say, adding, “I affiliated the aboriginal man I anytime kissed.”

Prescott Bush capital his son to go appropriate to Yale aloft graduation from Andover. But Mr. Bush said his ancestor had additionally insisted that advantage agitated a albatross to “put article aback in, do something, advice others.”

His own time to serve came on his 18th birthday, aback he enlisted in the Navy; aural a year, he accustomed his wings and became one of the youngest pilots in the service.

[For George H.W. Bush, Pearl Harbor afflicted everything. Apple War II fabricated him a hero.]

Sent to the Pacific, he flew abate bombers off the aircraft carrier San Jacinto. On Sept. 2, 1944, his alike was hit by Japanese arena blaze during a bombing run on Chichi Jima in the Bonin Islands in the western Pacific. He apprenticed the advance alike admitting his alike was aflame.

Mr. Bush bailed out over the ocean and was rescued by a submarine. His two crewmen were killed. The approaching admiral was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

After the war, he went to Yale, area he was a affiliate of Skull and Bones, the university’s acclaimed abstruse society, and captain of the baseball team. Barbara took their babyish son, George W., to the games.

In 1948, afterward his graduation, he was alone for a column he capital with Procter & Gamble. So he confused to Texas to go into the oil business and snagged an entry-level job through a ancestors connection.

His political career

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Mr. Bush began his political career as administrator of the Harris County Republican Affair at a time aback actuality a Republican in Texas was as abundant an balloter accountability as accepting Northeastern roots.

In 1964, he ran for the U.S. Senate and was defeated by Democrat Ralph Yarborough. In 1966, afterwards affairs his absorption in his oil company, Mr. Bush was adopted to the aboriginal of two agreement in Congress from a House commune in Houston.

In 1970, at the appeal of Admiral Richard M. Nixon, who capital to bank up Republican fortunes in Texas and abroad in the Sun Belt, he fabricated a additional run for the Senate and absent to Democrat Lloyd Bentsen.

Mr. Bush recruited his longtime acquaintance James A. Baker III — a nominal Democrat with little absorption in backroom — to run that campaign, in allotment to advice Baker get through his afflication afterwards the afterlife of his wife. Baker switched parties, and their accord became an accord that would advice actualization activity and backroom for decades.

After Mr. Bush’s 1970 Senate defeat, there came a accelerated progression of high-profile jobs that began aback Nixon alleged him agent to the United Nations. In 1973 and 1974, Mr. Bush served as administrator of the Republican Civic Committee during the crumbling canicule of the Watergate aspersion that would aftereffect in Nixon’s resignation.

After above Georgia governor Jimmy Carter (D) defeated Ford in the 1976 presidential election, Mr. Bush alternate to clandestine activity and began advancing for his best adventurous move yet: a run for president.

During the 1980 primaries, Mr. Bush positioned himself as a moderate, businesslike accession to Reagan, and he derided as “voodoo economics” the above California governor’s vow to accompanying cut taxes, accession aegis spending and antithesis the budget.

Mr. Bush pulled off a abruptness win in the Iowa caucuses and declared that he had “big mo’  ” that would backpack him to the nomination. Ultimately, he accustomed no bout for Reagan and the bourgeois armament that had appear to bang-up the party.

Yet he begin accession aperture at the Republican Civic Convention that year, aback he emerged as the accord best to be Reagan’s alive mate, afterwards affair elders adulterated an accomplishment to put calm a Reagan-Ford ticket.

It took no baby bulk of acclimation for Mr. Bush to remold himself according to Reagan’s cast of conservatism. Amid added things, he afflicted to Reagan’s positions on aborticide and supply-side economics. The banana band “Doonesbury” afterwards declared him as accepting put “his political adulthood in a dark trust.”

The admission won in back-to-back landslides in 1980 and 1984. Already elected, Mr. Bush maintained a about humble role as carnality admiral — chairing a cardinal of assignment forces, alms admonition on adopted activity — while cutting his bona fides and his political alignment to accomplish accession run for the presidency.

Mr. Bush was about brushed by Iran-contra, the above aspersion of the Reagan presidency. He said he had been “out of the loop” aback decisions were fabricated to advertise aggressive accessories to Tehran to accretion the absolution of U.S. citizens captivated earnest by pro-Iranian terrorists in Lebanon. This was adverse to Reagan’s declared activity of never ambidextrous with terrorists. The profits from the sales were acclimated to accommodate aid to the anti-communist antipode rebels in Nicaragua, which was a abuse of U.S. law.

Never absolutely accustomed into the Reagan abutting circle, Mr. Bush accustomed some ambit from his above bang-up in his 1988 Republican Civic Convention speech, aback he promised a “kinder, gentler nation.” Reagan’s wife, Nancy, was broadly appear to acquire bristled, asking: “Kinder and gentler than whom?”

In the 1988 election, Mr. Bush’s Democratic antagonist was Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis, who captured his party’s best abundantly on the backbone of the “Massachusetts Miracle,” a billow of technology-driven bread-and-butter growth.

The Bush advance affronted Dukakis into an article of scorn, adopting questions about his patriotism, his competence, his ecology and budgetary annal and, best damaging, his attitude adjoin criminals.

Dukakis had accurate a affairs that accustomed bedevilled murderers in Massachusetts prisons to acquire furloughs for acceptable behavior. One such bedfellow was Willie Horton, who, while on furlough, went to Maryland and raped a woman afterwards advance and blame her fiance. Dukakis was afraid and promptly shut the affairs down.

Mr. Bush won the acclamation with 53 percent of the vote. He agitated 40 states and accustomed 426 balloter votes. He was the aboriginal sitting carnality admiral adopted to the nation’s accomplished appointment aback Martin Van Buren succeeded Andrew Jackson in 1837.

‘The eyes thing’

As president, Mr. Bush formed connected hours and had a affection for detail. Fred Malek, his advance administrator in 1992, declared him as “a guy who capital to do aggregate well.” But in abrupt adverse to his predecessor, Mr. Bush bootless to clear an overarching actualization of the attempt by which he governed.

“The eyes thing,” as he alleged it, eluded him. “Some capital me to bear abode chats to explain things, as Franklin D. Roosevelt had done,” he confided to his diary. “I am not acceptable at that.” He was, he said, a “practical man,” who adopted “what’s real,” not “the aerial and abstract.”

Mr. Bush consort about bourgeois bread-and-butter and amusing programs: lower taxes, authoritative reform, added abutment for bartering development and admission to adopted markets. He adjourned the Arctic American Chargeless Barter Agreement with Canada and Mexico, a admeasurement that was ratified by the Senate in Admiral Bill Clinton’s aboriginal term.

Mr. Bush accurate autonomous adoration in accessible schools and acceptance rather than abortion. He additionally accurate gun owners’ rights. “Let’s not booty abroad the accoutrements from innocent citizens,” he said in a speech. “Let’s get tougher on the criminals.”

Faced with Democratic ascendancy of both houses of Congress, Mr. Bush followed what became accepted as his “veto strategy.” In all, he banned 44 bills. Ten of them were advised to affluence restrictions on abortions. The others anxious assorted regulatory, tax and spending measures. All but one of his vetoes — of a bill to adapt the cable television industry — were sustained.

But Mr. Bush could not abate suspicions in some abode that he lacked amount beliefs. To critics, decidedly in the appropriate accession of the GOP, he seemed accommodating to say whatever was all-important to get elected.

His was a aggregation of acclimatized admiral who artificial an alive but businesslike adopted activity and set a beneath alienated and beneath brainy advance on calm matters.

Mr. Bush placed a aerial amount on adherence and on cultivating relationships that became allotment of the through band of his career.

Chief amid those relationships was his accord with Baker, who at assorted credibility served as Mr. Bush’s advance manager, secretary of accompaniment and White House arch of staff. Baker additionally did stints as Reagan’s arch of agents and treasury secretary, and in the blowzy after-effects of the 2000 presidential election, led the Republican aggregation ecology the Florida blab that put Mr. Bush’s beforehand son, George W. Bush, over the accomplishment line.

Other relationships would additionally articulation the two Bush presidencies. Afterwards his aboriginal best for aegis secretary, Sen. John G. Tower (R-Tex.), bootless to be accepted by the Senate, Mr. Bush broke accession old friend, Richard B. Cheney, a bourgeois Republican agent from Wyoming, for the job. For administrator of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, he best Gen. Colin L. Powell, who had been civic aegis adviser in the Reagan White House.

Baker, Cheney and Powell played axial roles in U.S. interventions in Panama and the Persian Abysm during Mr. Bush’s presidency. Cheney and Powell went on to authority aerial appointment in George W. Bush’s administration: Cheney as carnality admiral and Powell as secretary of state.

One of Mr. Bush’s added abrupt selections was his best of Dan Quayle, the inferior agent from Indiana, to be his alive acquaintance in 1988. Mr. Bush fabricated the move afterwards consulting alike his abutting aides, abrogation his advance extemporaneous for what followed.

There were actual questions about Quayle’s account in the Indiana Civic Bouncer during the Vietnam War. He additionally abounding law academy at Indiana University during that period. Critics acclaimed that he had never accomplished law and appropriate that he had acclimated the Bouncer to abstain the draft.

Quayle never absolutely laid to blow those questions or the broader doubts about his abilities for dispatch into the presidency. While the carnality admiral becoming aerial marks as the administration’s agent to conservatives, Mr. Bush wrote in his account that he “blew” the accommodation on Quayle in 1988. But in 1992, he banned to alter him on the ticket.

Mr. Bush fabricated two nominations to the Supreme Court. The aboriginal was David H. Souter, a federal appeals cloister judge, who was accepted afterwards difficulty. The additional was Clarence Thomas, an African American who was a affiliate of the U.S. Cloister of Appeals for the Commune of Columbia Circuit.

Thomas was appointed to accomplish Thurgood Marshall, the aboriginal African American to serve on the aerial court. Anita Hill, a above abettor to Thomas, accused him of animal harassment. Afterwards acerbic hearings by the Senate Judiciary Committee in 1991, the abounding Senate accepted him by a vote of 52 to 48, the abutting allowance aback the 19th century.

Foreign activity triumphs

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It is not accessible to acknowledge the signature adopted activity achievements that occurred on Mr. Bush’s watch afterwards examination them in the ambience of the four decades that preceded them.

In the era afterwards Apple War II, the United States approved to accommodate Soviet access about the world. The nation fought alienated and demoralizing wars in Korea and Vietnam, headed the NATO accord that stood adjoin Warsaw Pact armament in Europe and affianced in a all-around nuclear collision with the Soviet Union that alloyed the era with existential dread.

Within a year of Mr. Bush’s inauguration, the all-embracing bearings afflicted about above recognition. What Reagan had alleged “the affronted empire” was collapsing, and the Soviet Union was lurching adjoin dissolution.

Mr. Bush approached the alteration apple with a actualization that was businesslike rather than ideological. He had little acceptance in the alleged Star Wars anti-ballistic missile arrangement that Reagan believed would assure the nation from nuclear attack, so he active two nuclear disarmament agreements with Moscow.

[Moscow looks aback with nostalgia; Bush was a abiding duke while Soviet Union collapsed]

As Reagan had, Mr. Bush saw an accessory and a affiliated spirit in Mikhail Gorbachev, the baton who approved to ameliorate the Soviet arrangement through “glasnost” (openness) and “perestroika” (economic reform). Mr. Bush said that he “could sit bottomward and aloof talk. I anticipation I had a feel for his heartbeat. Artlessness and artlessness replaced the automated suspicions of the past.”

In June 1989, Gorbachev appear that he would not accomplish the Brezhnev Doctrine, beneath which Moscow aloof the appropriate to arbitrate in accessory countries. Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia were artifice Soviet domination; the Baltic states were affective adjoin independence. Hungary opened its borderland with Austria. Bags of East Germans acclimated this avenue to birthmark to the West.

On Nov. 9, 1989, the Berlin Wall, a attribute of antipathetic oppression, was breached. East Germany collapsed. Two years later, the Soviet Union voted itself out of existence.

Mr. Bush played a quiet role as Gorbachev and Chancellor Helmut Kohl of West Germany acclimatized agreement for the reunification of Germany. The accord was closed aback Kohl agreed to pay billions of dollars to bank up the Soviet abridgement and awning the bulk of removing Soviet forces.

Mr. Bush helped argue Kohl that a reunited Germany should breach in NATO. Similarly, he agreed with French Admiral François Mitterrand that German reunification was a amount for the Germans to adjudge and that alone a “united Europe” could accumulate Germany in check. Prodded by above admiral Nixon, Mr. Bush gave bread-and-butter aid to Moscow.

He was consistently alert of Russian sensibilities. Aback the Berlin Wall came down, he told reporters that he did not “think any distinct accident is the end of what you ability alarm the Iron Curtain.”

Mr. Bush additionally put a aerial exceptional on stability, as apparent by his abstinent — critics said bare — acknowledgment to the Chinese crackdown on demonstrators in Tiananmen Square in June 1989. He abeyant aggressive sales and contacts with China but beatific civic aegis adviser Brent Scowcroft and Lawrence Eagleburger, the agent secretary of state, to Beijing to altercate the bearings with Chinese leaders.

“What I absolutely did not appetite to do was absolutely breach the accord we had formed so adamantine to body aback 1972,” aback Nixon opened relations with China, Mr. Bush wrote in his memoirs. “We had to abide involved, affianced with the Chinese government, if we were to acquire any access or advantage to assignment for abstemiousness and cooperation. While affronted abode ability be briefly acceptable to some, I believed it would acutely aching our efforts in the connected term.”

In Latin America, Mr. Bush concluded U.S. abutment for the antipode guerrillas in Nicaragua. In barter for bread-and-butter aid, the advocate Sandinista government agreed to chargeless elections. A year later, the Sandinistas were voted out of power.

Reagan’s captivation with communism in Axial America had been a above agency in the Iran-contra scandal. As Mr. Bush larboard office, he issued pardons for Caspar W. Weinberger, Reagan’s secretary of defense, and bristles added admiral who had faced accuse for their Iran-contra roles.

Invading Panama

Although he had an affection for diplomacy, Mr. Bush’s bequest will additionally be authentic by his decisions to go to war.

In Panama, Noriega had already been a admired anti-communist asset of the United States, and for several years, he was on the CIA payroll. As his ability grew, he accomplished himself at the amount of the Panamanian public, and he became a arbiter in the biologic trade. In 1988, he was accusable on biologic accuse by a U.S. admirable jury.

On May 7, 1989, Noriega chaotic an acclamation in which his slate was defeated. Three canicule later, the activity staged a protest.

The Bush administering confused to assure the Panama Aqueduct and U.S. noncombatant and aggressive cadre active in the aqueduct zone. In October, a Panamanian above staged an anti-Noriega coup. It was anon suppressed. Tensions amid the United States and Panama escalated, as U.S. armament in the aqueduct area were beefed up.

On Dec. 16, 1989, one day afterwards Panama anesthetized a resolution adage a accompaniment of war existed amid the two countries, a U.S. Marine administrator was dead by Panama Aegis Force troops as he and three added admiral collection abroad from a PDF roadblock. A Navy administrator and his wife who witnessed the adventure were taken into custody, interrogated and threatened with afterlife afore actuality released.

On Dec. 17, 1989, Mr. Bush ordered U.S. armament to invade. The activity began Dec. 20 with air attacks and a caliginosity parachute assault.

The angry was over in a amount of hours. On Christmas Eve, Noriega took ambush in the abode of the apostolic nuncio, area he remained for 10 days, during which time U.S. armament amidst the Vatican Embassy and accursed it with ultra-loud bedrock music. Noriega surrendered Jan. 3, 1990. He was aureate to Miami, approved and bedevilled of an arrangement of biologic offenses.

Desert Storm

Mr. Bush met his greatest all-embracing claiming in the Persian Gulf, area U.S. activity was apprenticed by an clamorous charge for oil. In 1990, about a division of U.S. oil imports came from the abysm states. A division of that absolute came from Iraq.

With adherence in the arena a ascendant concern, Iran was admired as the primary blackmail to U.S. interests afterwards the anarchy that overthrew the absolutist and brought the Ayatollah Khomeini to ability in the backward 1970s. The United States affronted to Iraq as a balance to Tehran and accurate it throughout an eight-year war with Iran.

The Bush administering connected the pro-Iraqi policy, and in 1989 the United States provided $500 million in agronomical credits to the Baghdad regime, with affairs for more. The aid connected admitting added adverse statements directed adjoin Israel by Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi dictator.

Hussein had connected coveted Kuwait, Iraq’s tiny acquaintance to the south, which captivated 10 percent of the world’s accepted oil reserves. In the summer of 1990, Hussein aggregate troops on the Kuwaiti border, and in August he invaded.

The United States was bent by surprise, but the acknowledgment of the Bush administering was quick. Comparing Hussein to Hitler, the admiral vowed the aggression would not stand. Working the telephones and relying on his claimed contacts, he organized the 30-nation Desert Shield coalition.

He acquired a authorization from the United Nations and accession from a disconnected Congress that was apparitional by the role it had played in accepting the United States into Vietnam. The resolution acknowledging the war anesthetized the Senate by bristles votes, with all but 10 Democrats voting adjoin it. Israel was abiding to breach on the sidelines for abhorrence of behind the Arabs.

The arena war commenced Feb. 24, and Iraqi armament were bound routed. Mr. Bush ordered a accord 100 hours afterwards the angry began. He had the abutment of Cheney, the aegis secretary; Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, the affiliated commander; and Powell, the administrator of the Joint Chiefs.

Iraq agreed not to advance nuclear, actinic and biological weapons, and U.N. inspectors were to adviser compliance. Schwarzkopf let the Iraqis accumulate their armed helicopters. The angry had hardly concluded aback Mr. Bush came beneath criticism for not blame on to Baghdad and deposing Hussein. It was additionally said that he had apprenticed the Iraqis to defection and afresh alone the Shiites and the Kurds to a barbarous fate.

In the eyes of the American accessible and its military, the acutely effortless achievement apparent the axis of a folio from the civic annoyance endured in Vietnam.

But Hussein remained in power. He still had at his auctioning the appalling Republican Guard, which had not been complex in the fighting. Aback Shiite Muslims in southern Iraq and Kurds in the arctic revolted, the bouncer acclimated the helicopters to drove them.

The president’s acknowledgment was that the U.N. authorization alleged for expelling Iraq from Kuwait, not for advancing Iraq or eliminating Hussein. “Trying to annihilate Saddam, extending the arena war into an activity of Iraq,” Mr. Bush wrote in his memoirs, “would acquire abandoned our guideline about not alteration objectives in midstream, agreeable in ‘mission creep,’ and would acquire incurred boundless animal and political costs.”

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Ultimately, it was Mr. Bush’s son who accomplished Hussein’s abatement from power, with a war that he launched in 2003, on what affronted out to be inaccurate advice that the Iraqi absolutist had weapons of accumulation destruction.

The additional Iraq battle was allotment of what the adolescent Bush alleged the “war on terror,” launched in the deathwatch of attacks on New York and the Pentagon on Sept. 11, 2001. It led to abiding aggressive engagements in both Iraq and Afghanistan. Adopted activity experts say the accomplishment had the adventitious aftereffect of added destabilizing the Muslim world, arch to the advance of new agitator movements.

Mr. Bush bristled at the often-made advancement that one of his son’s motivations was demography affliction of the family’s amateurish business. The ancient Mr. Bush told Time annual in 2003 that whether to go to war is a abandoned alarm for any administrator in chief: “It is the toughest accommodation a admiral has to make, to accelerate the sons and daughters of Americans into harm’s way.”

The Abysm War was not the end of Mr. Bush’s adopted activity legacy. He afterwards sponsored talks in Madrid amid Israel and the Palestine Liberation Alignment that formed the base of a decade-long accomplishment to coin accord in the Middle East. In his aftermost canicule in office, he ordered U.S. troops to Somalia, an African country in political chaos, to accord with adverse famine.

‘No new taxes’

As the 1992 presidential acclamation approached, the absorption of the American accessible was axis homeward, and Mr. Bush’s political continuing came abolition to earth. Eighteen months afterwards his celebration in Iraq, his approval appraisement plummeted, and alone 16 percent of those polled anticipation that the country was headed in the appropriate direction.

Mr. Bush had promised a “kinder, gentler” America. He active into law the Americans With Disabilities Act, a ample civilian rights admeasurement that banned bigotry in employment, accessible casework and accessible apartment on the base of concrete or brainy disability. Amid his added accomplishments were extensive amendments to the Clean Air Act that had been adjourned in Congress for years.

But he additionally was confronted with threats on the bread-and-butter front, one of which was a alarming account deficit, which grew from the Reagan years and atramentous every aspect of the Bush presidency, calm and foreign. The admiral accustomed as abundant in his countdown abode aback he told the nation, “We acquire added will than wallet.”

Another above bread-and-butter botheration affiliated from the Reagan era was a savings-and-loan industry crisis, which threatened the adherence of the cyberbanking system. (It was additionally a antecedent of embarrassment to the admiral because of his son Neil’s affiliation to a Denver S&L that failed.) Mr. Bush bound organized a accomplishment package.

The arrears accustomed a greater challenge. Holding the band on taxes was a basal assumption of the bourgeois accession of the Republican Party, and Mr. Bush fabricated it the centerpiece of his 1988 campaign. Although he feared that it ability tie his easily as president, he fabricated a agreement to auspicious assembly at the GOP nominating convention:

“The Congress will advance me to accession taxes, and I’ll say no, and they’ll push, and I’ll say no, and they’ll advance again. All I can say to them is: Read my lips. No new taxes.”

But the nation’s accounts connected to drain red ink, and Mr. Bush absitively he had to act. In 1990, he fabricated a account accord with the Democratic-controlled Congress, which aloft taxes.

When he ran for reelection in 1992, Mr. Bush said the 1990 account had been “a mistake,” but the accident was done. Conservatives never forgave him.

Meanwhile, as recession ravaged the economy, the president’s efforts to affix with the struggles of boilerplate Americans came off as alveolate and sometimes laughable. During the Christmas division of 1991, his White House staged an abominable photo op of the admiral affairs four pairs of socks at J.C. Penney and exhorting Americans to boutique their way out of bad times. At one point, he told a boondocks anteroom affair in hard-hit New Hampshire: “Message: I care.”

In November 1992, Mr. Bush was defeated by a about newcomer to the civic scene, then-Gov. Bill Clinton of Arkansas, whose advance took as its above theme, “It’s the economy, stupid.”

In a three-way chase that included absolute applicant H. Ross Perot, Clinton accustomed 43 percent of the vote, to Mr. Bush’s 38 percent and Perot’s 19 percent.

Eight years afterwards Mr. Bush confused out of the White House, however, he and Clinton were on a belvedere calm at a presidential commencement at the U.S. Capitol — this time at the swearing-in of Mr. Bush’s beforehand son, George Walker Bush, as Clinton’s successor.

Only already afore had the baby of a admiral been so elevated, aback John Quincy Adams, the son of John Adams, took appointment in 1825.

The commencement of the adolescent Bush was a boastful and affective break for associates of one of the nation’s best arresting political families. Mr. Bush’s additional son, Jeb Bush, served as governor of Florida from 1999 to 2007.

Jeb Bush was advised an aboriginal beloved for the 2016 Republican presidential nomination. He absent to New York billionaire Donald Trump, who afresh defeated accession dynastic candidate, Democratic appointee and above aboriginal adult Hillary Clinton, to be adopted the nation’s 45th president. The ancient Bush did not about abutment Trump and was appear to acquire voted for Clinton. A agent beneath to affirm those reports, adage that Mr. Bush’s election was a clandestine matter.

His clandestine side

In 1988, Mr. Bush gave a account of the qualities he best admired to Peggy Noonan, who wrote his accent accepting that year’s Republican presidential nomination. They were: “family, kids, grandkids, love, decency, honor, pride, tolerance, hope, kindness, loyalty, freedom, caring, heart, faith, account to country, fair (fair play), strength, healing, excellence.”

Mr. Bush beheld his ancestors as allotment of his legacy. He was acutely appreciative of the sons who followed him into accessible service.

One of his greatest assets was his bawdy and edgeless aboriginal lady. Barbara Bush’s artlessness and wit fabricated acceptable archetype for the media. Answering a catechism about her changeable appearance, she said, “My mail tells me a lot of fat, white-haired, channelled ladies are amused pink.”

Mr. Bush enjoyed the allowances of the presidency: Marine helicopters and Air Force One, Camp David, the Oval Appointment with its actualization of the Rose Garden in summer and afire logs in the broiler in winter.

He was additionally a hunter, fisherman and committed jogger, who was accepted to run amid holes on the golf advance for added exercise. He admired barbecue, horseshoes and country music. He told reporters that he had never admired broccoli and that because he was president, he did not acquire to eat it.

He bedevilled a allegorical Rolodex and alleged aides and colleagues at all hours of the day and night. He wrote bags of addendum to apple leaders, friends, reporters and accustomed citizens.

The Bushes had six children. In accession to George W. Bush and Jeb Bush, their baby included Neil Bush, Marvin Bush and Dorothy Bush Koch.

A daughter, Pauline Robinson “Robin” Bush, died of leukemia in 1953, two months afore her fourth birthday. Her parents advised her afterlife the greatest affliction they anytime experienced.

“There was about her a assertive softness,” Mr. Bush wrote to his mother. “Her accord fabricated me feel strong, and so actual important. . . . But she is still with us. We charge her and yet we acquire her. We can’t blow her, and yet we can feel her.”

In the years afterwards the White House, Mr. Bush wrote his memoirs and disconnected his time amid Houston and the ancestors admixture in Kennebunkport, Maine, area he was a vestryman of St. Ann’s Episcopal Church. He chose College Station, the home of Texas A&M University, as the armpit of the George Bush Presidential Library and Museum.

After the convulsion and tsunami that devastated African and Asian nations in 2005, Mr. Bush collaborated with Bill Clinton, his above adversary, to advance clandestine abatement efforts that aloft about $2 billion in the United States.

So abutting did the absurd accord of the 41st and 42nd presidents become, that the 43rd joked, “My mother calls him my fourth brother.”

In 1997, Mr. Bush fabricated a parachute jump for the aboriginal time aback bailing out over the Pacific. He did it afresh in 2000 to mark his 75th altogether — and still afresh for his 80th, 85th and 90th ones.

“Old guys can do accurate things,” he said.

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CORRECTION: An beforehand adaptation of this obituary acclimated an incorrect job appellation for Accompaniment Department official Lawrence Eagleburger in 1989. He was agent secretary of state, not beneath secretary of state. The adventure has been revised.

J.Y. Smith, a above Washington Column agents biographer who died in 2006, contributed to this report.

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15 Shocking Facts About Us East Coast Mountains | us east coast mountains

15 Shocking Facts About Us East Coast Mountains | us east coast mountains

via WordPress bit.ly/2E1VM6c

The ambassador of Canadian boondocks Saint John has asked the federal government to dust off the Energy East activity project, which TransCanada abdicate aftermost year. Don Darling fabricated his alarm afterwards bygone Ottawa appear it would buy the Trans Mountain amplification activity from Kinder Morgan and attending for new investors.

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The accommodation acquired abuse in assembly because if the government cannot acquisition new investors, it would be bottomward to taxpayers to booty on the amount of the project, which Kinder Morgan advised abandoning if the federal government could not agreement it would go advanced admitting action from British Columbia.

But besides the aldermanic outrage, the accommodation to pay Kinder Morgan US$3.46 billion (C$4.5 billion) has now acquired Saint John’s leaders to catechism this appropriate analysis of Trans Mountain.

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“It does not assume fair that we couldn’t get the akin of support. I mean, it seems like this is a activity that the federal government is activity to advance through at all costs,” Darling said as quoted by CBC. “In the case of the Energy East project, I mean, I anticipate the activity had a lot of merit. The oil continues to be alien actuality by abuse bed. We aloof couldn’t assume to get the akin of charge that is actuality approved … on the West Coast.”

Energy East was declared to backpack awkward from Alberta’s oil bank to an consign terminal in Saint John, in New Brunswick. TransCanada appear it would abdicate the activity aftermost year afterwards it became bright that cheaper oil would accomplish the amount accountability too abundant to bear, at about US$12.3 billion (C$16 billion). It would accept transported added than a actor barrels of awkward circadian to Canada’s east coast.

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Related: Canada To Buy Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain Amplification Project

Environmental affair has been active aerial in Canada and the Untied States, with action absorption decidedly on new activity projects. Besides the accepted anguish for the ambiance based on the actuality that oil is transported in aqueous anatomy and there is consistently a adventitious for it to spill, the capital rational altercation of activity opponents is that aiguille oil appeal is abreast and any new pipelines will become abandoned assets afore long.

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The adverse argument, of course, is that they are bare actively now, so Canadian producers won’t accept to advertise to U.S. refineries at a above abatement to WTI because of activity bottlenecks, and instead could tap added all-embracing markets.

By Irina Slav for Oilprice.com

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“And people laugh at our red outfits!”

Two dogs I saw on the Vancouver waterfront were magically transported to Fort Vancouver’s Christmas festivities. I celebrated getting a newer and faster computer by doing some photoshop combining, to see how fast it worked compared to my old behemoth (which finally bit the dust permanently and unfixably a few weeks ago). I worked on an even older emachine in the interim, it was very slow but it did the job. Now I look forward to learning how to do Photoshop right.

Posted by lamoustique on 2019-01-18 17:26:23

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FAMOUS ROCK STAR SAMMY HAGAR – CANDID

FAMOUS ROCK STAR SAMMY HAGAR - CANDID

Photo by Linden Hudson (amateur photographer) while working on a television crew for a shoot with mr Hagar. Shot in Texas in May 2019. A nice guy. Sammy is of long time fame, first with Montrose, later with Van Halen. He’s also known as the Red Rocker.

Who is Linden Hudson?

CLASSICBANDS DOT COM said: “According to former roadie David Blayney in his book SHARP DRESSED MEN: sound engineer Linden Hudson co-wrote much of the material on the ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album.” (end quote)

(ZZ Top never opted to give Linden credit, which would have been THE decent thing to do. It would have helped Linden’s career as well. The band and management worked ruthlessly to take FULL credit for the hugely successful album which Linden had spent a good deal of time working on. Linden works daily to tell this story. Also, the band did not opt to pay Linden, they worked to keep all the money and they treated Linden like dirt. It was abuse. Linden launched a limited lawsuit, brought about using his limited resources which brought limited results and took years. No one should treat the co-writer of their most successful album like this. It’s just deeply fucked up.)
+++
Hear the original ZZ Top ELIMINATOR writing/rehearsal tapes made by Linden Hudson and Billy Gibbons at: youtu.be/2QZ8WUTaS18
+++
Read Linden’s story of the making of the super-famous ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album at: www.flickr.com/people/152350852@N02/
+++
LICKLIBRARY DOT COM (2013 Billy Gibbons interview) ZZ TOP’S BILLY GIBBONS FINALLY ADMITTED: “the Eliminator sessions in 1983 were guided largely by another one of our associates, Linden Hudson, a gifted engineer, during the development of those compositions.” (end quote) (Gibbons admits this after 30 years, but offers Linden no apology or reparations for lack of credit/royalties)
+++
MUSICRADAR DOT COM (2013 interview with ZZ Top’s guitarist Billy Gibbons broke 30 years of silence about Linden Hudson introducing synthesizers into ZZ Top’s sound.) Gibbons said: “This was a really interesting turning point. We had befriended somebody who would become an influential associate, a guy named Linden Hudson. He was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing, starting in the studio and eventually to the live stage. Linden had no fear and was eager to experiment in ways that would frighten most bands. But we followed suit, and the synthesizers started to show up on record.” (once again, there was no apology from ZZ Top or Billy Gibbons after this revelation).
+++
TEXAS MONTHLY MAGAZINE (Dec 1996, By Joe Nick Patoski): "Linden Hudson floated the notion that the ideal dance music had 124 beats per minute; then he and Gibbons conceived, wrote, and recorded what amounted to a rough draft of an album before the band had set foot inside Ardent Studios."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By David Blayney) : "Probably the most dramatic development in ZZ Top recording approaches came about as Eliminator was constructed. What had gone on before evolutionary; this change was revolutionary. ZZ Top got what amounted to a new bandsman (Linden) for the album, unknown to the world at large and at first even to Dusty and Frank."
+++
CNET DOT COM: (question posed to ZZ Top): Sound engineer Linden Hudson was described as a high-tech music teacher on your highly successful "Eliminator" album. How much did the band experiment with electronic instruments prior to that album?
+++
THE HOUSTON CHRONICLE, MARCH 2018: "Eliminator" had a tremendous impact on us and the people who listen to us," says ZZ Top’s bass player. Common band lore points to production engineer Linden Hudson suggesting that 120 beats per minute was the perfect rock tempo, or "the people’s tempo" as it came to be known.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by David Blayney: (page 227): "…the song LEGS Linden Hudson introduced the pumping synthesizer effect."
+++
(Search Linden Hudson in the various ZZ Top Wikipedia pages which are related to the ELIMINATOR album and you will find bits about Linden. Also the main ZZ Top Wikipedia page mentions Linden. He’s mentioned in at least 7 ZZ Top related Wikipedia pages.)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP By David Blayney: "Linden found himself in the position of being Billy’s (Billy Gibbons, ZZ Top guitarist) closest collaborator on Eliminator. In fact, he wound up spending more time on the album than anybody except Billy. While the two of them spent day after day in the studio, they were mostly alone with the equipment and the ideas."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: BEER DRINKERS & HELL RAISERS: A ZZ TOP GUIDE (By Neil Daniels, released 2014): "Hudson reportedly had a significant role to play during the planning stages of the release (ELIMINATOR)."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE (ROLLING STONE PRESS, WRITTEN BY DEBORAH FROST): "Linden was always doing computer studies. It was something that fascinated him, like studio technology. He thought he might understand the components of popular songs better if he fed certain data into his computer. It might help him understand what hits (song releases) of any given period share. He first found out about speed; all the songs he studied deviated no more than one beat from 120 beats per minute. Billy immediately started to write some songs with 120 beats per minute. Linden helped out with a couple, like UNDER PRESSURE and SHARP DRESSED MAN. Someone had to help Billy out. Dusty and Frank didn’t even like to rehearse much. Their studio absence wasn’t really a problem though. The bass and drum parts were easily played with a synthesizer or Linn drum machine." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "After his quantitative revelations, Linden informally but instantly became ZZ Top’s rehearsal hall theoretician, producer, and engineer." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST): "With the release of their ninth album, ELIMINATOR, in 1983, these hairy, unlikely rock heroes had become a pop phenomenon. This had something to do with the discoveries of a young preproduction engineer (Linden Hudson) whose contributions, like those of many associated with the band over the years, were never acknowledged."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By DAVID BLAYNEY) : "The integral position Linden occupied in the process of building El​iminator was demonstrated eloquently in the case of song Under Pressure. Billy and Linden, the studio wizards, did the whole song all in one afternoon without either the bass player or drummer even knowing it had been written and recorded on a demo tape. Linden synthesized the bass and drums and helped write the lyrics; Billy did the guitars and vocals."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "TRES HOMBRES – THE STORY OF ZZ TOP" BY DAVID SINCLAIR (Writer for the Times Of London): "Linden Hudson, the engineer/producer who lived at Beard’s house (ZZ’s drummer) had drawn their attention to the possibilities of the new recording technology and specifically to the charms of the straight drumming pattern, as used on a programmed drum machine. On ELIMINATOR ZZ Top unveiled a simple new musical combination that cracked open a vast worldwide market.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESS MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "ELIMINATOR went on to become a multi-platinum album, just as Linden had predicted when he and Billy were setting up the 124-beat tempos and arranging all the material. Rolling Stone eventually picked the album as number 39 out of the top 100 of the 80’s. Linden Hudson in a fair world shoud have had his name all over ELIMINATOR and gotten the just compensation he deserved. Instead he got ostracized."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by DAVID BLAYNEY: "He (Linden) went back with the boys to 1970 when he was working as a radio disc jocky aliased Jack Smack. He was emcee for a show ZZ did around that time, and even sang an encore tune with the band, perhaps the only person ever to have that honor." (side note: this was ZZ Top’s very first show).
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "Linden remained at Frank’s (ZZ Top drummer) place as ZZ’s live-in engineer throughout the whole period of ELIMINATOR rehearsals, and was like one of the family… as he (Linden) worked at the controls day after day, watching the album (ELIMINATOR) take shape, his hopes for a big step forward in his production career undoubtably soared. ELIMINATOR marked the first time that ZZ Top was able to rehearse an entire album with the recording studio gadgetry that Billy so loved. With Linden Hudson around all the time, it also was the first time the band could write, rehearse, and record with someone who knew the men and the machines. ZZ Top was free to go musically crazy, but also musically crazy like a fox. Linden made that possible too."
+++
FROM THE BOOK "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST, WRITER FOR ROLLING STONE MAGAZINE): "… SHARP DRESSED MAN which employed Hudson’s 120 beat-per-minute theory. The feel, the enthusiasm, the snappy beat and crisp clean sound propelled ELIMINATOR into the ears and hearts of 5 million people who previously could have cared less about the boogie band of RIO GRANDE MUD."
+++
THE GREATEST ROCK REBRAND OF ALL TIME (by Jason Miller): "Sound engineer Linden Hudson researched the tempos at which the most popular rock tracks in the charts had been recorded. His data showed that there was something very special about 120 beats to a minute. Gibbons decided to record pretty much the whole of ZZ Top’s new album at that tempo. The result? 1983’s Eliminator. It was named after Gibbons’ Ford Coupé; it had been created through a unique combination of creative collaboration and data mining. And it was about to take the world by storm."
+++
ULTIMATECLASSICROCK DOT COM: "This new melding of styles was encouraged by Hudson, who served as a kind of pre-producer for ​EL LOCO … … Hudson helped construct ZZ Top drummer Frank Beard’s home studio, and had lived with him for a time. That led to these initial sessions, and then a closer collaboration on 1983’s ​ELIMINATOR.
+++
FIREDOGLAKE DOT COM: "I like Billy Gibbons’ guitar tone quite a lot, but I lost all respect for them after reading how badly they fucked over Linden Hudson (the guy who was the brains behind their move to include synthesizers and co-wrote most of their career-defining Eliminator record)."
+++
EMAIL FROM A ZZ TOP FAN TO LINDEN (One Of Many): "I write you today about broken hearts, one is mine and one is for you. I have been a ZZ Top fan since I was 6 years old. I purchased ELIMINATOR vinyl from Caldors in Connecticut with the $20 my grandma gave me for my birthday. I will spare the #1 fan epic saga of tee shirts, harassing Noreen at the fan club via phone weekly for years, over 40 shows attended. Posters, non stop conversation about the time I have spent idolizing this band, but more Billy G, as he has seemed to break free of the Lone Wolf shackles and it became more clear this was his baby. In baseball I was Don Mattingly’s #1 fan, Hershel Walker in football, Billy Gibbons in music. What do these individuals have in common? They were role models. Not a DUI, not a spousal abuse, not a drug overdose, not a cheater. Until I read your web page. I read Blayney’s book around 1992 or so, I was in middle school and I was familiar with your name for a long time. I didn’t realize you suffered so greatly or that your involvement was so significant. It pains me to learn my idol not only cheated but did something so wrong to another being. I now know this is where tall tales and fun loving bullshit and poor morals and ethics are distinguished and where I would no longer consider myself to look up to Billy. I love to joke and I love credit but I have always prided myself on ethics and principles… I hold them dear. I wanted to say, the snippet of UNDER PRESSURE you played sounded very new wave and I may like it more than the finished product. Well that’s all. You have reached ZZ Top’s biggest fan and I can let others know. Bummer. Cheers and good luck. James."​
+++
VINYLSTYLUS DOT COM: Much of Eliminator was recorded at 124bpm, the tempo that considered perfect for dance music by the band’s associate Linden Hudson. An aspiring songwriter, former DJ and – at the time – drummer Frank Beard’s house-sitter, Hudson’s involvement in the recording of the album would come back to haunt them. Despite assisting Gibbons with the pre-production and developing of the material that would end up on both El Loco and Eliminator, his contribution wasn’t credited when either record was released.
+++
INFOMORY DOT COM: ‘Eliminator’ is a studio album of the American rock band ZZ Top. It was released on March 23, 1983 and topped the charts worldwide. Its lyrics were co-written by the band’s sound engineer Linden Hudson while the band denied it.
+++
MUSICMISCELLANEOUS DOT COM: (ELIMINATOR ALBUM):
However, despite the album credits bass-player Dusty Hill and drummer Frank Beard were replaced during the recording process by synthesisers and a drum machine programmed by engineer Linden Hudson, who allegedly co-wrote much of the music with Gibbons despite receiving no credit at the time. Gibbons would later say of Hudson that “he was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing”. Hudson did no less than show the band how to stay relevant in an age where three guys from Texas with long beards (except famously for Frank Beard) and blues licks were one of the last things the contemporary market was demanding.

Posted by lindenhud1 on 2019-05-01 23:49:28

Tagged: , sammy hagar , red rocker , candid , production still , usa , american , rock musician , famous rocker , rock , rock and roll , heavy metal , metal rock , famous , american music , music , hard rock

COLORADO LOWLANDS – HAY FIELD

COLORADO LOWLANDS - HAY FIELD

Photo taken in 2008 by Linden Hudson (amateur photographer) while he was working as audio engineer on a film production job.

Who is Linden Hudson?

CLASSICBANDS DOT COM said: “According to former roadie David Blayney in his book SHARP DRESSED MEN: sound engineer Linden Hudson co-wrote much of the material on the ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album.” (end quote)(The album was nominated for a grammy and sold 20 million copies.)

(ZZ Top never opted to give Linden credit, which would have been THE decent thing to do. It would have helped Linden’s career as well. The band and management worked ruthlessly to take FULL credit for the hugely successful album which Linden had spent a good deal of time working on. Linden works daily to tell this story. Also, the band did not opt to pay Linden, they worked to keep all the money and they treated Linden like dirt. It was abuse. Linden launched a limited lawsuit, brought about using his limited resources which brought limited results and took years. No one should treat the co-writer of their most successful album like this. It’s just deeply sick.)
+++
Hear the original ZZ Top ELIMINATOR writing/rehearsal tapes made by Linden Hudson and Billy Gibbons at: youtu.be/2QZ8WUTaS18
+++
Read Linden’s story of the making of the super-famous ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album at: www.flickr.com/people/152350852@N02/
+++
LICKLIBRARY DOT COM (2013 Billy Gibbons interview) ZZ TOP’S BILLY GIBBONS FINALLY ADMITTED: “the Eliminator sessions in 1983 were guided largely by another one of our associates, Linden Hudson, a gifted engineer, during the development of those compositions.” (end quote) (Gibbons admits this after 30 years, but offers Linden no apology or reparations for lack of credit/royalties)
+++
MUSICRADAR DOT COM (2013 interview with ZZ Top’s guitarist Billy Gibbons broke 30 years of silence about Linden Hudson introducing synthesizers into ZZ Top’s sound.) Gibbons said: “This was a really interesting turning point. We had befriended somebody who would become an influential associate, a guy named Linden Hudson. He was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing, starting in the studio and eventually to the live stage. Linden had no fear and was eager to experiment in ways that would frighten most bands. But we followed suit, and the synthesizers started to show up on record.” (once again, there was no apology from ZZ Top or Billy Gibbons after this revelation).
+++
TEXAS MONTHLY MAGAZINE (Dec 1996, By Joe Nick Patoski): "Linden Hudson floated the notion that the ideal dance music had 124 beats per minute; then he and Gibbons conceived, wrote, and recorded what amounted to a rough draft of an album before the band had set foot inside Ardent Studios."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By David Blayney) : "Probably the most dramatic development in ZZ Top recording approaches came about as Eliminator was constructed. What had gone on before evolutionary; this change was revolutionary. ZZ Top got what amounted to a new bandsman (Linden) for the album, unknown to the world at large and at first even to Dusty and Frank."
+++
CNET DOT COM: (question posed to ZZ Top): Sound engineer Linden Hudson was described as a high-tech music teacher on your highly successful "Eliminator" album. How much did the band experiment with electronic instruments prior to that album?
+++
THE HOUSTON CHRONICLE, MARCH 2018: "Eliminator" had a tremendous impact on us and the people who listen to us," says ZZ Top’s bass player. Common band lore points to production engineer Linden Hudson suggesting that 120 beats per minute was the perfect rock tempo, or "the people’s tempo" as it came to be known.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by David Blayney: (page 227): "…the song LEGS Linden Hudson introduced the pumping synthesizer effect."
+++
(Search Linden Hudson in the various ZZ Top Wikipedia pages which are related to the ELIMINATOR album and you will find bits about Linden. Also the main ZZ Top Wikipedia page mentions Linden. He’s mentioned in at least 7 ZZ Top related Wikipedia pages.)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP By David Blayney: "Linden found himself in the position of being Billy’s (Billy Gibbons, ZZ Top guitarist) closest collaborator on Eliminator. In fact, he wound up spending more time on the album than anybody except Billy. While the two of them spent day after day in the studio, they were mostly alone with the equipment and the ideas."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: BEER DRINKERS & HELL RAISERS: A ZZ TOP GUIDE (By Neil Daniels, released 2014): "Hudson reportedly had a significant role to play during the planning stages of the release (ELIMINATOR)."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE (ROLLING STONE PRESS, WRITTEN BY DEBORAH FROST): "Linden was always doing computer studies. It was something that fascinated him, like studio technology. He thought he might understand the components of popular songs better if he fed certain data into his computer. It might help him understand what hits (song releases) of any given period share. He first found out about speed; all the songs he studied deviated no more than one beat from 120 beats per minute. Billy immediately started to write some songs with 120 beats per minute. Linden helped out with a couple, like UNDER PRESSURE and SHARP DRESSED MAN. Someone had to help Billy out. Dusty and Frank didn’t even like to rehearse much. Their studio absence wasn’t really a problem though. The bass and drum parts were easily played with a synthesizer or Linn drum machine." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "After his quantitative revelations, Linden informally but instantly became ZZ Top’s rehearsal hall theoretician, producer, and engineer." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST): "With the release of their ninth album, ELIMINATOR, in 1983, these hairy, unlikely rock heroes had become a pop phenomenon. This had something to do with the discoveries of a young preproduction engineer (Linden Hudson) whose contributions, like those of many associated with the band over the years, were never acknowledged."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By DAVID BLAYNEY) : "The integral position Linden occupied in the process of building El​iminator was demonstrated eloquently in the case of song Under Pressure. Billy and Linden, the studio wizards, did the whole song all in one afternoon without either the bass player or drummer even knowing it had been written and recorded on a demo tape. Linden synthesized the bass and drums and helped write the lyrics; Billy did the guitars and vocals."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "TRES HOMBRES – THE STORY OF ZZ TOP" BY DAVID SINCLAIR (Writer for the Times Of London): "Linden Hudson, the engineer/producer who lived at Beard’s house (ZZ’s drummer) had drawn their attention to the possibilities of the new recording technology and specifically to the charms of the straight drumming pattern, as used on a programmed drum machine. On ELIMINATOR ZZ Top unveiled a simple new musical combination that cracked open a vast worldwide market.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESS MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "ELIMINATOR went on to become a multi-platinum album, just as Linden had predicted when he and Billy were setting up the 124-beat tempos and arranging all the material. Rolling Stone eventually picked the album as number 39 out of the top 100 of the 80’s. Linden Hudson in a fair world shoud have had his name all over ELIMINATOR and gotten the just compensation he deserved. Instead he got ostracized."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by DAVID BLAYNEY: "He (Linden) went back with the boys to 1970 when he was working as a radio disc jocky aliased Jack Smack. He was emcee for a show ZZ did around that time, and even sang an encore tune with the band, perhaps the only person ever to have that honor." (side note: this was ZZ Top’s very first show).
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "Linden remained at Frank’s (ZZ Top drummer) place as ZZ’s live-in engineer throughout the whole period of ELIMINATOR rehearsals, and was like one of the family… as he (Linden) worked at the controls day after day, watching the album (ELIMINATOR) take shape, his hopes for a big step forward in his production career undoubtably soared. ELIMINATOR marked the first time that ZZ Top was able to rehearse an entire album with the recording studio gadgetry that Billy so loved. With Linden Hudson around all the time, it also was the first time the band could write, rehearse, and record with someone who knew the men and the machines. ZZ Top was free to go musically crazy, but also musically crazy like a fox. Linden made that possible too."
+++
FROM THE BOOK "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST, WRITER FOR ROLLING STONE MAGAZINE): "… SHARP DRESSED MAN which employed Hudson’s 120 beat-per-minute theory. The feel, the enthusiasm, the snappy beat and crisp clean sound propelled ELIMINATOR into the ears and hearts of 5 million people who previously could have cared less about the boogie band of RIO GRANDE MUD."
+++
THE GREATEST ROCK REBRAND OF ALL TIME (by Jason Miller): "Sound engineer Linden Hudson researched the tempos at which the most popular rock tracks in the charts had been recorded. His data showed that there was something very special about 120 beats to a minute. Gibbons decided to record pretty much the whole of ZZ Top’s new album at that tempo. The result? 1983’s Eliminator. It was named after Gibbons’ Ford Coupé; it had been created through a unique combination of creative collaboration and data mining. And it was about to take the world by storm."
+++
ULTIMATECLASSICROCK DOT COM: "This new melding of styles was encouraged by Hudson, who served as a kind of pre-producer for ​EL LOCO … … Hudson helped construct ZZ Top drummer Frank Beard’s home studio, and had lived with him for a time. That led to these initial sessions, and then a closer collaboration on 1983’s ​ELIMINATOR.
+++
FIREDOGLAKE DOT COM: "I like Billy Gibbons’ guitar tone quite a lot, but I lost all respect for them after reading how badly they fucked over Linden Hudson (the guy who was the brains behind their move to include synthesizers and co-wrote most of their career-defining Eliminator record)."
+++
EMAIL FROM A ZZ TOP FAN TO LINDEN (One Of Many): "I write you today about broken hearts, one is mine and one is for you. I have been a ZZ Top fan since I was 6 years old. I purchased ELIMINATOR vinyl from Caldors in Connecticut with the $20 my grandma gave me for my birthday. I will spare the #1 fan epic saga of tee shirts, harassing Noreen at the fan club via phone weekly for years, over 40 shows attended. Posters, non stop conversation about the time I have spent idolizing this band, but more Billy G, as he has seemed to break free of the Lone Wolf shackles and it became more clear this was his baby. In baseball I was Don Mattingly’s #1 fan, Hershel Walker in football, Billy Gibbons in music. What do these individuals have in common? They were role models. Not a DUI, not a spousal abuse, not a drug overdose, not a cheater. Until I read your web page. I read Blayney’s book around 1992 or so, I was in middle school and I was familiar with your name for a long time. I didn’t realize you suffered so greatly or that your involvement was so significant. It pains me to learn my idol not only cheated but did something so wrong to another being. I now know this is where tall tales and fun loving bullshit and poor morals and ethics are distinguished and where I would no longer consider myself to look up to Billy. I love to joke and I love credit but I have always prided myself on ethics and principles… I hold them dear. I wanted to say, the snippet of UNDER PRESSURE you played sounded very new wave and I may like it more than the finished product. Well that’s all. You have reached ZZ Top’s biggest fan and I can let others know. Bummer. Cheers and good luck. James."​
+++
VINYLSTYLUS DOT COM: Much of Eliminator was recorded at 124bpm, the tempo that considered perfect for dance music by the band’s associate Linden Hudson. An aspiring songwriter, former DJ and – at the time – drummer Frank Beard’s house-sitter, Hudson’s involvement in the recording of the album would come back to haunt them. Despite assisting Gibbons with the pre-production and developing of the material that would end up on both El Loco and Eliminator, his contribution wasn’t credited when either record was released.
+++
INFOMORY DOT COM: ‘Eliminator’ is a studio album of the American rock band ZZ Top. It was released on March 23, 1983 and topped the charts worldwide. Its lyrics were co-written by the band’s sound engineer Linden Hudson while the band denied it.
+++
MUSICMISCELLANEOUS DOT COM: (ELIMINATOR ALBUM):
However, despite the album credits bass-player Dusty Hill and drummer Frank Beard were replaced during the recording process by synthesizers and a drum machine programmed by engineer Linden Hudson, who allegedly co-wrote much of the music with Gibbons despite receiving no credit at the time. Gibbons would later say of Hudson that “he was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing”. Hudson did no less than show the band how to stay relevant in an age where three guys from Texas with long beards (except famously for Frank Beard) and blues licks were one of the last things the contemporary market was demanding.

ANOTHER EXAMPLE of ZZ Top using someone elses song. The song "Francine" was ZZ Tops first chart hit, but it was actually written by "The Children". Linden Hudson knew them well. The guitarist was Kenny Cordray, a friend of Linden’s. Kenny and the other band members spent many years trying to get any money from ZZ Top for Francine , and years trying to get credit. Finally they got credit and a little money (ridiculous). The Children’s guitarist Kenny Cordray was tragically killed by his own son in 2017 in a murder/suicide. RIP Kenny (true writer of Francine). The original writers tape for Francine (by the Children) is at: www.youtube.com/watch?v=LB0jHiPH2Ds

Posted by lindenhud1 on 2019-04-28 15:29:57

Tagged: , america , colorado , usa , lowlands , hay field , hay bales , blue sky , sky , beautiful , yellow , yellow hay

MASKED BEAUTY VERY CLOSE

MASKED BEAUTY VERY CLOSE

This is a freeze-frame from video that was shot by Linden Hudson (amateur photographer, low budget cameras). This model was beautiful, shy, college educated, and plays violin. USA.

Who is Linden Hudson?

CLASSICBANDS DOT COM said: “According to former roadie David Blayney in his book SHARP DRESSED MEN: sound engineer Linden Hudson co-wrote much of the material on the ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album.” (end quote)(The album was nominated for a grammy and sold 20 million copies.)

(ZZ Top never opted to give Linden credit, which would have been THE decent thing to do. It would have helped Linden’s career as well. The band and management worked ruthlessly to take FULL credit for the hugely successful album which Linden had spent a good deal of time working on. Linden works daily to tell this story. Also, the band did not opt to pay Linden, they worked to keep all the money and they treated Linden like dirt. It was abuse. Linden launched a limited lawsuit, brought about using his limited resources which brought limited results and took years. No one should treat the co-writer of their most successful album like this. It’s just deeply sick.)
+++
Hear the original ZZ Top ELIMINATOR writing/rehearsal tapes made by Linden Hudson and Billy Gibbons at: youtu.be/2QZ8WUTaS18
+++
Read Linden’s story of the making of the super-famous ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album at: www.flickr.com/people/152350852@N02/
+++
LICKLIBRARY DOT COM (2013 Billy Gibbons interview) ZZ TOP’S BILLY GIBBONS FINALLY ADMITTED: “the Eliminator sessions in 1983 were guided largely by another one of our associates, Linden Hudson, a gifted engineer, during the development of those compositions.” (end quote) (Gibbons admits this after 30 years, but offers Linden no apology or reparations for lack of credit/royalties)
+++
MUSICRADAR DOT COM (2013 interview with ZZ Top’s guitarist Billy Gibbons broke 30 years of silence about Linden Hudson introducing synthesizers into ZZ Top’s sound.) Gibbons said: “This was a really interesting turning point. We had befriended somebody who would become an influential associate, a guy named Linden Hudson. He was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing, starting in the studio and eventually to the live stage. Linden had no fear and was eager to experiment in ways that would frighten most bands. But we followed suit, and the synthesizers started to show up on record.” (once again, there was no apology from ZZ Top or Billy Gibbons after this revelation).
+++
TEXAS MONTHLY MAGAZINE (Dec 1996, By Joe Nick Patoski): "Linden Hudson floated the notion that the ideal dance music had 124 beats per minute; then he and Gibbons conceived, wrote, and recorded what amounted to a rough draft of an album before the band had set foot inside Ardent Studios."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By David Blayney) : "Probably the most dramatic development in ZZ Top recording approaches came about as Eliminator was constructed. What had gone on before evolutionary; this change was revolutionary. ZZ Top got what amounted to a new bandsman (Linden) for the album, unknown to the world at large and at first even to Dusty and Frank."
+++
CNET DOT COM: (question posed to ZZ Top): Sound engineer Linden Hudson was described as a high-tech music teacher on your highly successful "Eliminator" album. How much did the band experiment with electronic instruments prior to that album?
+++
THE HOUSTON CHRONICLE, MARCH 2018: "Eliminator" had a tremendous impact on us and the people who listen to us," says ZZ Top’s bass player. Common band lore points to production engineer Linden Hudson suggesting that 120 beats per minute was the perfect rock tempo, or "the people’s tempo" as it came to be known.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by David Blayney: (page 227): "…the song LEGS Linden Hudson introduced the pumping synthesizer effect."
+++
(Search Linden Hudson in the various ZZ Top Wikipedia pages which are related to the ELIMINATOR album and you will find bits about Linden. Also the main ZZ Top Wikipedia page mentions Linden. He’s mentioned in at least 7 ZZ Top related Wikipedia pages.)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP By David Blayney: "Linden found himself in the position of being Billy’s (Billy Gibbons, ZZ Top guitarist) closest collaborator on Eliminator. In fact, he wound up spending more time on the album than anybody except Billy. While the two of them spent day after day in the studio, they were mostly alone with the equipment and the ideas."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: BEER DRINKERS & HELL RAISERS: A ZZ TOP GUIDE (By Neil Daniels, released 2014): "Hudson reportedly had a significant role to play during the planning stages of the release (ELIMINATOR)."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE (ROLLING STONE PRESS, WRITTEN BY DEBORAH FROST): "Linden was always doing computer studies. It was something that fascinated him, like studio technology. He thought he might understand the components of popular songs better if he fed certain data into his computer. It might help him understand what hits (song releases) of any given period share. He first found out about speed; all the songs he studied deviated no more than one beat from 120 beats per minute. Billy immediately started to write some songs with 120 beats per minute. Linden helped out with a couple, like UNDER PRESSURE and SHARP DRESSED MAN. Someone had to help Billy out. Dusty and Frank didn’t even like to rehearse much. Their studio absence wasn’t really a problem though. The bass and drum parts were easily played with a synthesizer or Linn drum machine." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "After his quantitative revelations, Linden informally but instantly became ZZ Top’s rehearsal hall theoretician, producer, and engineer." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST): "With the release of their ninth album, ELIMINATOR, in 1983, these hairy, unlikely rock heroes had become a pop phenomenon. This had something to do with the discoveries of a young preproduction engineer (Linden Hudson) whose contributions, like those of many associated with the band over the years, were never acknowledged."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By DAVID BLAYNEY) : "The integral position Linden occupied in the process of building El​iminator was demonstrated eloquently in the case of song Under Pressure. Billy and Linden, the studio wizards, did the whole song all in one afternoon without either the bass player or drummer even knowing it had been written and recorded on a demo tape. Linden synthesized the bass and drums and helped write the lyrics; Billy did the guitars and vocals."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "TRES HOMBRES – THE STORY OF ZZ TOP" BY DAVID SINCLAIR (Writer for the Times Of London): "Linden Hudson, the engineer/producer who lived at Beard’s house (ZZ’s drummer) had drawn their attention to the possibilities of the new recording technology and specifically to the charms of the straight drumming pattern, as used on a programmed drum machine. On ELIMINATOR ZZ Top unveiled a simple new musical combination that cracked open a vast worldwide market.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESS MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "ELIMINATOR went on to become a multi-platinum album, just as Linden had predicted when he and Billy were setting up the 124-beat tempos and arranging all the material. Rolling Stone eventually picked the album as number 39 out of the top 100 of the 80’s. Linden Hudson in a fair world shoud have had his name all over ELIMINATOR and gotten the just compensation he deserved. Instead he got ostracized."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by DAVID BLAYNEY: "He (Linden) went back with the boys to 1970 when he was working as a radio disc jocky aliased Jack Smack. He was emcee for a show ZZ did around that time, and even sang an encore tune with the band, perhaps the only person ever to have that honor." (side note: this was ZZ Top’s very first show).
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "Linden remained at Frank’s (ZZ Top drummer) place as ZZ’s live-in engineer throughout the whole period of ELIMINATOR rehearsals, and was like one of the family… as he (Linden) worked at the controls day after day, watching the album (ELIMINATOR) take shape, his hopes for a big step forward in his production career undoubtably soared. ELIMINATOR marked the first time that ZZ Top was able to rehearse an entire album with the recording studio gadgetry that Billy so loved. With Linden Hudson around all the time, it also was the first time the band could write, rehearse, and record with someone who knew the men and the machines. ZZ Top was free to go musically crazy, but also musically crazy like a fox. Linden made that possible too."
+++
FROM THE BOOK "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST, WRITER FOR ROLLING STONE MAGAZINE): "… SHARP DRESSED MAN which employed Hudson’s 120 beat-per-minute theory. The feel, the enthusiasm, the snappy beat and crisp clean sound propelled ELIMINATOR into the ears and hearts of 5 million people who previously could have cared less about the boogie band of RIO GRANDE MUD."
+++
THE GREATEST ROCK REBRAND OF ALL TIME (by Jason Miller): "Sound engineer Linden Hudson researched the tempos at which the most popular rock tracks in the charts had been recorded. His data showed that there was something very special about 120 beats to a minute. Gibbons decided to record pretty much the whole of ZZ Top’s new album at that tempo. The result? 1983’s Eliminator. It was named after Gibbons’ Ford Coupé; it had been created through a unique combination of creative collaboration and data mining. And it was about to take the world by storm."
+++
ULTIMATECLASSICROCK DOT COM: "This new melding of styles was encouraged by Hudson, who served as a kind of pre-producer for ​EL LOCO … … Hudson helped construct ZZ Top drummer Frank Beard’s home studio, and had lived with him for a time. That led to these initial sessions, and then a closer collaboration on 1983’s ​ELIMINATOR.
+++
FIREDOGLAKE DOT COM: "I like Billy Gibbons’ guitar tone quite a lot, but I lost all respect for them after reading how badly they fucked over Linden Hudson (the guy who was the brains behind their move to include synthesizers and co-wrote most of their career-defining Eliminator record)."
+++
EMAIL FROM A ZZ TOP FAN TO LINDEN (One Of Many): "I write you today about broken hearts, one is mine and one is for you. I have been a ZZ Top fan since I was 6 years old. I purchased ELIMINATOR vinyl from Caldors in Connecticut with the $20 my grandma gave me for my birthday. I will spare the #1 fan epic saga of tee shirts, harassing Noreen at the fan club via phone weekly for years, over 40 shows attended. Posters, non stop conversation about the time I have spent idolizing this band, but more Billy G, as he has seemed to break free of the Lone Wolf shackles and it became more clear this was his baby. In baseball I was Don Mattingly’s #1 fan, Hershel Walker in football, Billy Gibbons in music. What do these individuals have in common? They were role models. Not a DUI, not a spousal abuse, not a drug overdose, not a cheater. Until I read your web page. I read Blayney’s book around 1992 or so, I was in middle school and I was familiar with your name for a long time. I didn’t realize you suffered so greatly or that your involvement was so significant. It pains me to learn my idol not only cheated but did something so wrong to another being. I now know this is where tall tales and fun loving bullshit and poor morals and ethics are distinguished and where I would no longer consider myself to look up to Billy. I love to joke and I love credit but I have always prided myself on ethics and principles… I hold them dear. I wanted to say, the snippet of UNDER PRESSURE you played sounded very new wave and I may like it more than the finished product. Well that’s all. You have reached ZZ Top’s biggest fan and I can let others know. Bummer. Cheers and good luck. James."​
+++
VINYLSTYLUS DOT COM: Much of Eliminator was recorded at 124bpm, the tempo that considered perfect for dance music by the band’s associate Linden Hudson. An aspiring songwriter, former DJ and – at the time – drummer Frank Beard’s house-sitter, Hudson’s involvement in the recording of the album would come back to haunt them. Despite assisting Gibbons with the pre-production and developing of the material that would end up on both El Loco and Eliminator, his contribution wasn’t credited when either record was released.
+++
INFOMORY DOT COM: ‘Eliminator’ is a studio album of the American rock band ZZ Top. It was released on March 23, 1983 and topped the charts worldwide. Its lyrics were co-written by the band’s sound engineer Linden Hudson while the band denied it.
+++
MUSICMISCELLANEOUS DOT COM: (ELIMINATOR ALBUM):
However, despite the album credits bass-player Dusty Hill and drummer Frank Beard were replaced during the recording process by synthesizers and a drum machine programmed by engineer Linden Hudson, who allegedly co-wrote much of the music with Gibbons despite receiving no credit at the time. Gibbons would later say of Hudson that “he was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing”. Hudson did no less than show the band how to stay relevant in an age where three guys from Texas with long beards (except famously for Frank Beard) and blues licks were one of the last things the contemporary market was demanding.

Posted by lindenhud1 on 2019-04-16 14:12:48

Tagged: , molly wednesday , face , portrait , carnival mask , mask , beauty , beautiful , model , eyes , lips , blue , brown eyes , brown hair , pink lips , delicious , mysterious , pouty , snooty , sexy , splattered whites , blown out , blown out whites , overexposed , bright , professional model , texas model , american , american woman , usa , beautiful eyes , grit , noise , grain

JULIA PRETTY FACE

JULIA PRETTY FACE

This is a freeze frame from video footage shot by Linden Hudson (amateur photographer, a learner, hobbyist, for fun).

Who is Linden Hudson?

CLASSICBANDS DOT COM said: “According to former roadie David Blayney in his book SHARP DRESSED MEN: sound engineer Linden Hudson co-wrote much of the material on the ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album.” (end quote)

(ZZ Top never opted to give Linden credit, which would have been THE decent thing to do. It would have helped Linden’s career as well. The band and management worked ruthlessly to take FULL credit for the hugely successful album which Linden had spent a good deal of time working on. Linden works daily to tell this story. Also, the band did not opt to pay Linden, they worked to keep all the money and they treated Linden like dirt. It was abuse. Linden launched a limited lawsuit, brought about using his limited resources which brought limited results and took years. No one should treat the co-writer of their most successful album like this. It’s just deeply fucked up.)
+++
Hear the original ZZ Top ELIMINATOR writing/rehearsal tapes made by Linden Hudson and Billy Gibbons at: www.flickr.com/photos/152350852@N02/35711891332/in/photol...
+++
Read Linden’s story of the making of the super-famous ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album at: www.flickr.com/people/152350852@N02/
+++
LICKLIBRARY DOT COM (2013 Billy Gibbons interview) ZZ TOP’S BILLY GIBBONS FINALLY ADMITTED: “the Eliminator sessions in 1983 were guided largely by another one of our associates, Linden Hudson, a gifted engineer, during the development of those compositions.” (end quote) (Gibbons admits this after 30 years, but offers Linden no apology or reparations for lack of credit/royalties)
+++
MUSICRADAR DOT COM (2013 interview with ZZ Top’s guitarist Billy Gibbons broke 30 years of silence about Linden Hudson introducing synthesizers into ZZ Top’s sound.) Gibbons said: “This was a really interesting turning point. We had befriended somebody who would become an influential associate, a guy named Linden Hudson. He was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing, starting in the studio and eventually to the live stage. Linden had no fear and was eager to experiment in ways that would frighten most bands. But we followed suit, and the synthesizers started to show up on record.” (once again, there was no apology from ZZ Top or Billy Gibbons after this revelation).
+++
TEXAS MONTHLY MAGAZINE (Dec 1996, By Joe Nick Patoski): "Linden Hudson floated the notion that the ideal dance music had 124 beats per minute; then he and Gibbons conceived, wrote, and recorded what amounted to a rough draft of an album before the band had set foot inside Ardent Studios."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By David Blayney) : "Probably the most dramatic development in ZZ Top recording approaches came about as Eliminator was constructed. What had gone on before evolutionary; this change was revolutionary. ZZ Top got what amounted to a new bandsman (Linden) for the album, unknown to the world at large and at first even to Dusty and Frank."
+++
CNET DOT COM: (question posed to ZZ Top): Sound engineer Linden Hudson was described as a high-tech music teacher on your highly successful "Eliminator" album. How much did the band experiment with electronic instruments prior to that album?
+++
THE HOUSTON CHRONICLE, MARCH 2018: "Eliminator" had a tremendous impact on us and the people who listen to us," says ZZ Top’s bass player. Common band lore points to production engineer Linden Hudson suggesting that 120 beats per minute was the perfect rock tempo, or "the people’s tempo" as it came to be known.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by David Blayney: (page 227): "…the song LEGS Linden Hudson introduced the pumping synthesizer effect."
+++
(Search Linden Hudson in the various ZZ Top Wikipedia pages which are related to the ELIMINATOR album and you will find bits about Linden. Also the main ZZ Top Wikipedia page mentions Linden. He’s mentioned in at least 7 ZZ Top related Wikipedia pages.)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP By David Blayney: "Linden found himself in the position of being Billy’s (Billy Gibbons, ZZ Top guitarist) closest collaborator on Eliminator. In fact, he wound up spending more time on the album than anybody except Billy. While the two of them spent day after day in the studio, they were mostly alone with the equipment and the ideas."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: BEER DRINKERS & HELL RAISERS: A ZZ TOP GUIDE (By Neil Daniels, released 2014): "Hudson reportedly had a significant role to play during the planning stages of the release (ELIMINATOR)."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE (ROLLING STONE PRESS, WRITTEN BY DEBORAH FROST): "Linden was always doing computer studies. It was something that fascinated him, like studio technology. He thought he might understand the components of popular songs better if he fed certain data into his computer. It might help him understand what hits (song releases) of any given period share. He first found out about speed; all the songs he studied deviated no more than one beat from 120 beats per minute. Billy immediately started to write some songs with 120 beats per minute. Linden helped out with a couple, like UNDER PRESSURE and SHARP DRESSED MAN. Someone had to help Billy out. Dusty and Frank didn’t even like to rehearse much. Their studio absence wasn’t really a problem though. The bass and drum parts were easily played with a synthesizer or Linn drum machine." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "After his quantitative revelations, Linden informally but instantly became ZZ Top’s rehearsal hall theoretician, producer, and engineer." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST): "With the release of their ninth album, ELIMINATOR, in 1983, these hairy, unlikely rock heroes had become a pop phenomenon. This had something to do with the discoveries of a young preproduction engineer (Linden Hudson) whose contributions, like those of many associated with the band over the years, were never acknowledged."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By DAVID BLAYNEY) : "The integral position Linden occupied in the process of building El​iminator was demonstrated eloquently in the case of song Under Pressure. Billy and Linden, the studio wizards, did the whole song all in one afternoon without either the bass player or drummer even knowing it had been written and recorded on a demo tape. Linden synthesized the bass and drums and helped write the lyrics; Billy did the guitars and vocals."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "TRES HOMBRES – THE STORY OF ZZ TOP" BY DAVID SINCLAIR (Writer for the Times Of London): "Linden Hudson, the engineer/producer who lived at Beard’s house (ZZ’s drummer) had drawn their attention to the possibilities of the new recording technology and specifically to the charms of the straight drumming pattern, as used on a programmed drum machine. On ELIMINATOR ZZ Top unveiled a simple new musical combination that cracked open a vast worldwide market.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESS MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "ELIMINATOR went on to become a multi-platinum album, just as Linden had predicted when he and Billy were setting up the 124-beat tempos and arranging all the material. Rolling Stone eventually picked the album as number 39 out of the top 100 of the 80’s. Linden Hudson in a fair world shoud have had his name all over ELIMINATOR and gotten the just compensation he deserved. Instead he got ostracized."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by DAVID BLAYNEY: "He (Linden) went back with the boys to 1970 when he was working as a radio disc jocky aliased Jack Smack. He was emcee for a show ZZ did around that time, and even sang an encore tune with the band, perhaps the only person ever to have that honor." (side note: this was ZZ Top’s very first show).
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "Linden remained at Frank’s (ZZ Top drummer) place as ZZ’s live-in engineer throughout the whole period of ELIMINATOR rehearsals, and was like one of the family… as he (Linden) worked at the controls day after day, watching the album (ELIMINATOR) take shape, his hopes for a big step forward in his production career undoubtably soared. ELIMINATOR marked the first time that ZZ Top was able to rehearse an entire album with the recording studio gadgetry that Billy so loved. With Linden Hudson around all the time, it also was the first time the band could write, rehearse, and record with someone who knew the men and the machines. ZZ Top was free to go musically crazy, but also musically crazy like a fox. Linden made that possible too."
+++
FROM THE BOOK "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST, WRITER FOR ROLLING STONE MAGAZINE): "… SHARP DRESSED MAN which employed Hudson’s 120 beat-per-minute theory. The feel, the enthusiasm, the snappy beat and crisp clean sound propelled ELIMINATOR into the ears and hearts of 5 million people who previously could have cared less about the boogie band of RIO GRANDE MUD."
+++
THE GREATEST ROCK REBRAND OF ALL TIME (by Jason Miller): "Sound engineer Linden Hudson researched the tempos at which the most popular rock tracks in the charts had been recorded. His data showed that there was something very special about 120 beats to a minute. Gibbons decided to record pretty much the whole of ZZ Top’s new album at that tempo. The result? 1983’s Eliminator. It was named after Gibbons’ Ford Coupé; it had been created through a unique combination of creative collaboration and data mining. And it was about to take the world by storm."
+++
ULTIMATECLASSICROCK DOT COM: "This new melding of styles was encouraged by Hudson, who served as a kind of pre-producer for ​EL LOCO … … Hudson helped construct ZZ Top drummer Frank Beard’s home studio, and had lived with him for a time. That led to these initial sessions, and then a closer collaboration on 1983’s ​ELIMINATOR.
+++
FIREDOGLAKE DOT COM: "I like Billy Gibbons’ guitar tone quite a lot, but I lost all respect for them after reading how badly they fucked over Linden Hudson (the guy who was the brains behind their move to include synthesizers and co-wrote most of their career-defining Eliminator record)."
+++
EMAIL FROM A ZZ TOP FAN TO LINDEN (One Of Many): "I write you today about broken hearts, one is mine and one is for you. I have been a ZZ Top fan since I was 6 years old. I purchased ELIMINATOR vinyl from Caldors in Connecticut with the $20 my grandma gave me for my birthday. I will spare the #1 fan epic saga of tee shirts, harassing Noreen at the fan club via phone weekly for years, over 40 shows attended. Posters, non stop conversation about the time I have spent idolizing this band, but more Billy G, as he has seemed to break free of the Lone Wolf shackles and it became more clear this was his baby. In baseball I was Don Mattingly’s #1 fan, Hershel Walker in football, Billy Gibbons in music. What do these individuals have in common? They were role models. Not a DUI, not a spousal abuse, not a drug overdose, not a cheater. Until I read your web page. I read Blayney’s book around 1992 or so, I was in middle school and I was familiar with your name for a long time. I didn’t realize you suffered so greatly or that your involvement was so significant. It pains me to learn my idol not only cheated but did something so wrong to another being. I now know this is where tall tales and fun loving bullshit and poor morals and ethics are distinguished and where I would no longer consider myself to look up to Billy. I love to joke and I love credit but I have always prided myself on ethics and principles… I hold them dear. I wanted to say, the snippet of UNDER PRESSURE you played sounded very new wave and I may like it more than the finished product. Well that’s all. You have reached ZZ Top’s biggest fan and I can let others know. Bummer. Cheers and good luck. James."​
+++
VINYLSTYLUS DOT COM: Much of Eliminator was recorded at 124bpm, the tempo that considered perfect for dance music by the band’s associate Linden Hudson. An aspiring songwriter, former DJ and – at the time – drummer Frank Beard’s house-sitter, Hudson’s involvement in the recording of the album would come back to haunt them. Despite assisting Gibbons with the pre-production and developing of the material that would end up on both El Loco and Eliminator, his contribution wasn’t credited when either record was released.
+++
INFOMORY DOT COM: ‘Eliminator’ is a studio album of the American rock band ZZ Top. It was released on March 23, 1983 and topped the charts worldwide. Its lyrics were co-written by the band’s sound engineer Linden Hudson while the band denied it.
+++
MUSICMISCELLANEOUS DOT COM: (ELIMINATOR ALBUM):
However, despite the album credits bass-player Dusty Hill and drummer Frank Beard were replaced during the recording process by synthesizers and a drum machine programmed by engineer Linden Hudson, who allegedly co-wrote much of the music with Gibbons despite receiving no credit at the time. Gibbons would later say of Hudson that “he was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing”. Hudson did no less than show the band how to stay relevant in an age where three guys from Texas with long beards (except famously for Frank Beard) and blues licks were one of the last things the contemporary market was demanding.

Posted by lindenhud1 on 2018-12-13 03:37:00

Tagged: , julia wagner , femme , mulher , mujer , donna , pretty , sunglasses , girl , woman , young woman , young lady , beautiful , latiina , cheap sunglasses , portrait , sexy , professional model , usa , american girl , american woman , chick , babe , she , her , female , 21 years old , model , female model , modeled lighting , goth necklace , cutie , sweet , wonderful , nice , flirty

2nd IMAGE OF: 2 NUDES DIFFUSED

2nd IMAGE OF: 2 NUDES DIFFUSED

This image is a freeze frame taken from video that was shot by Linden Hudson (amateur photographer).

Who is Linden Hudson?

CLASSICBANDS DOT COM said: “According to former roadie David Blayney in his book SHARP DRESSED MEN: sound engineer Linden Hudson co-wrote much of the material on the ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album.” (end quote)

(ZZ Top never opted to give Linden credit, which would have been THE decent thing to do. It would have helped Linden’s career as well. The band and management worked ruthlessly to take FULL credit for the hugely successful album which Linden had spent a good deal of time working on. Linden works daily to tell this story. Also, the band did not opt to pay Linden, they worked to keep all the money and they treated Linden like dirt. It was abuse. Linden launched a limited lawsuit, brought about using his limited resources which brought limited results and took years. No one should treat the co-writer of their most successful album like this. It’s just deeply fucked up.)
+++
Hear the original ZZ Top ELIMINATOR writing/rehearsal tapes made by Linden Hudson and Billy Gibbons at: www.flickr.com/photos/152350852@N02/35711891332/in/photol...
+++
Read Linden’s story of the making of the super-famous ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album at: www.flickr.com/people/152350852@N02/
+++
LICKLIBRARY DOT COM (2013 Billy Gibbons interview) ZZ TOP’S BILLY GIBBONS FINALLY ADMITTED: “the Eliminator sessions in 1983 were guided largely by another one of our associates, Linden Hudson, a gifted engineer, during the development of those compositions.” (end quote) (Gibbons admits this after 30 years, but offers Linden no apology or reparations for lack of credit/royalties)
+++
MUSICRADAR DOT COM (2013 interview with ZZ Top’s guitarist Billy Gibbons broke 30 years of silence about Linden Hudson introducing synthesizers into ZZ Top’s sound.) Gibbons said: “This was a really interesting turning point. We had befriended somebody who would become an influential associate, a guy named Linden Hudson. He was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing, starting in the studio and eventually to the live stage. Linden had no fear and was eager to experiment in ways that would frighten most bands. But we followed suit, and the synthesizers started to show up on record.” (once again, there was no apology from ZZ Top or Billy Gibbons after this revelation).
+++
TEXAS MONTHLY MAGAZINE (Dec 1996, By Joe Nick Patoski): "Linden Hudson floated the notion that the ideal dance music had 124 beats per minute; then he and Gibbons conceived, wrote, and recorded what amounted to a rough draft of an album before the band had set foot inside Ardent Studios."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By David Blayney) : "Probably the most dramatic development in ZZ Top recording approaches came about as Eliminator was constructed. What had gone on before evolutionary; this change was revolutionary. ZZ Top got what amounted to a new bandsman (Linden) for the album, unknown to the world at large and at first even to Dusty and Frank."
+++
CNET DOT COM: (question posed to ZZ Top): Sound engineer Linden Hudson was described as a high-tech music teacher on your highly successful "Eliminator" album. How much did the band experiment with electronic instruments prior to that album?
+++
THE HOUSTON CHRONICLE, MARCH 2018: "Eliminator" had a tremendous impact on us and the people who listen to us," says ZZ Top’s bass player. Common band lore points to production engineer Linden Hudson suggesting that 120 beats per minute was the perfect rock tempo, or "the people’s tempo" as it came to be known.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by David Blayney: (page 227): "…the song LEGS Linden Hudson introduced the pumping synthesizer effect."
+++
(Search Linden Hudson in the various ZZ Top Wikipedia pages which are related to the ELIMINATOR album and you will find bits about Linden. Also the main ZZ Top Wikipedia page mentions Linden. He’s mentioned in at least 7 ZZ Top related Wikipedia pages.)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP By David Blayney: "Linden found himself in the position of being Billy’s (Billy Gibbons, ZZ Top guitarist) closest collaborator on Eliminator. In fact, he wound up spending more time on the album than anybody except Billy. While the two of them spent day after day in the studio, they were mostly alone with the equipment and the ideas."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: BEER DRINKERS & HELL RAISERS: A ZZ TOP GUIDE (By Neil Daniels, released 2014): "Hudson reportedly had a significant role to play during the planning stages of the release (ELIMINATOR)."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE (ROLLING STONE PRESS, WRITTEN BY DEBORAH FROST): "Linden was always doing computer studies. It was something that fascinated him, like studio technology. He thought he might understand the components of popular songs better if he fed certain data into his computer. It might help him understand what hits (song releases) of any given period share. He first found out about speed; all the songs he studied deviated no more than one beat from 120 beats per minute. Billy immediately started to write some songs with 120 beats per minute. Linden helped out with a couple, like UNDER PRESSURE and SHARP DRESSED MAN. Someone had to help Billy out. Dusty and Frank didn’t even like to rehearse much. Their studio absence wasn’t really a problem though. The bass and drum parts were easily played with a synthesizer or Linn drum machine." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "After his quantitative revelations, Linden informally but instantly became ZZ Top’s rehearsal hall theoretician, producer, and engineer." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST): "With the release of their ninth album, ELIMINATOR, in 1983, these hairy, unlikely rock heroes had become a pop phenomenon. This had something to do with the discoveries of a young preproduction engineer (Linden Hudson) whose contributions, like those of many associated with the band over the years, were never acknowledged."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By DAVID BLAYNEY) : "The integral position Linden occupied in the process of building El​iminator was demonstrated eloquently in the case of song Under Pressure. Billy and Linden, the studio wizards, did the whole song all in one afternoon without either the bass player or drummer even knowing it had been written and recorded on a demo tape. Linden synthesized the bass and drums and helped write the lyrics; Billy did the guitars and vocals."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "TRES HOMBRES – THE STORY OF ZZ TOP" BY DAVID SINCLAIR (Writer for the Times Of London): "Linden Hudson, the engineer/producer who lived at Beard’s house (ZZ’s drummer) had drawn their attention to the possibilities of the new recording technology and specifically to the charms of the straight drumming pattern, as used on a programmed drum machine. On ELIMINATOR ZZ Top unveiled a simple new musical combination that cracked open a vast worldwide market.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESS MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "ELIMINATOR went on to become a multi-platinum album, just as Linden had predicted when he and Billy were setting up the 124-beat tempos and arranging all the material. Rolling Stone eventually picked the album as number 39 out of the top 100 of the 80’s. Linden Hudson in a fair world shoud have had his name all over ELIMINATOR and gotten the just compensation he deserved. Instead he got ostracized."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by DAVID BLAYNEY: "He (Linden) went back with the boys to 1970 when he was working as a radio disc jocky aliased Jack Smack. He was emcee for a show ZZ did around that time, and even sang an encore tune with the band, perhaps the only person ever to have that honor." (side note: this was ZZ Top’s very first show).
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "Linden remained at Frank’s (ZZ Top drummer) place as ZZ’s live-in engineer throughout the whole period of ELIMINATOR rehearsals, and was like one of the family… as he (Linden) worked at the controls day after day, watching the album (ELIMINATOR) take shape, his hopes for a big step forward in his production career undoubtably soared. ELIMINATOR marked the first time that ZZ Top was able to rehearse an entire album with the recording studio gadgetry that Billy so loved. With Linden Hudson around all the time, it also was the first time the band could write, rehearse, and record with someone who knew the men and the machines. ZZ Top was free to go musically crazy, but also musically crazy like a fox. Linden made that possible too."
+++
FROM THE BOOK "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST, WRITER FOR ROLLING STONE MAGAZINE): "… SHARP DRESSED MAN which employed Hudson’s 120 beat-per-minute theory. The feel, the enthusiasm, the snappy beat and crisp clean sound propelled ELIMINATOR into the ears and hearts of 5 million people who previously could have cared less about the boogie band of RIO GRANDE MUD."
+++
THE GREATEST ROCK REBRAND OF ALL TIME (by Jason Miller): "Sound engineer Linden Hudson researched the tempos at which the most popular rock tracks in the charts had been recorded. His data showed that there was something very special about 120 beats to a minute. Gibbons decided to record pretty much the whole of ZZ Top’s new album at that tempo. The result? 1983’s Eliminator. It was named after Gibbons’ Ford Coupé; it had been created through a unique combination of creative collaboration and data mining. And it was about to take the world by storm."
+++
ULTIMATECLASSICROCK DOT COM: "This new melding of styles was encouraged by Hudson, who served as a kind of pre-producer for ​EL LOCO … … Hudson helped construct ZZ Top drummer Frank Beard’s home studio, and had lived with him for a time. That led to these initial sessions, and then a closer collaboration on 1983’s ​ELIMINATOR.
+++
FIREDOGLAKE DOT COM: "I like Billy Gibbons’ guitar tone quite a lot, but I lost all respect for them after reading how badly they fucked over Linden Hudson (the guy who was the brains behind their move to include synthesizers and co-wrote most of their career-defining Eliminator record)."
+++
EMAIL FROM A ZZ TOP FAN TO LINDEN (One Of Many): "I write you today about broken hearts, one is mine and one is for you. I have been a ZZ Top fan since I was 6 years old. I purchased ELIMINATOR vinyl from Caldors in Connecticut with the $20 my grandma gave me for my birthday. I will spare the #1 fan epic saga of tee shirts, harassing Noreen at the fan club via phone weekly for years, over 40 shows attended. Posters, non stop conversation about the time I have spent idolizing this band, but more Billy G, as he has seemed to break free of the Lone Wolf shackles and it became more clear this was his baby. In baseball I was Don Mattingly’s #1 fan, Hershel Walker in football, Billy Gibbons in music. What do these individuals have in common? They were role models. Not a DUI, not a spousal abuse, not a drug overdose, not a cheater. Until I read your web page. I read Blayney’s book around 1992 or so, I was in middle school and I was familiar with your name for a long time. I didn’t realize you suffered so greatly or that your involvement was so significant. It pains me to learn my idol not only cheated but did something so wrong to another being. I now know this is where tall tales and fun loving bullshit and poor morals and ethics are distinguished and where I would no longer consider myself to look up to Billy. I love to joke and I love credit but I have always prided myself on ethics and principles… I hold them dear. I wanted to say, the snippet of UNDER PRESSURE you played sounded very new wave and I may like it more than the finished product. Well that’s all. You have reached ZZ Top’s biggest fan and I can let others know. Bummer. Cheers and good luck. James."​
+++
VINYLSTYLUS DOT COM: Much of Eliminator was recorded at 124bpm, the tempo that considered perfect for dance music by the band’s associate Linden Hudson. An aspiring songwriter, former DJ and – at the time – drummer Frank Beard’s house-sitter, Hudson’s involvement in the recording of the album would come back to haunt them. Despite assisting Gibbons with the pre-production and developing of the material that would end up on both El Loco and Eliminator, his contribution wasn’t credited when either record was released.
+++
INFOMORY DOT COM: ‘Eliminator’ is a studio album of the American rock band ZZ Top. It was released on March 23, 1983 and topped the charts worldwide. Its lyrics were co-written by the band’s sound engineer Linden Hudson while the band denied it.
+++
MUSICMISCELLANEOUS DOT COM: (ELIMINATOR ALBUM):
However, despite the album credits bass-player Dusty Hill and drummer Frank Beard were replaced during the recording process by synthesizers and a drum machine programmed by engineer Linden Hudson, who allegedly co-wrote much of the music with Gibbons despite receiving no credit at the time. Gibbons would later say of Hudson that “he was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing”. Hudson did no less than show the band how to stay relevant in an age where three guys from Texas with long beards (except famously for Frank Beard) and blues licks were one of the last things the contemporary market was demanding.

Posted by lindenhud1 on 2018-12-05 18:39:28

Tagged: , julia wagner , molly wednesday , nude , naked , nudes , bare , naked girls , naked ladies , naked women , femme nue , mulher nua , mujer desnuda , donna nuda , usa , american , american nudes , american women , american girls , united states , nudity , photography , nude photography , artsy , artistic , erotic , erotic art , nooky , boobs , breasts , tits , titties

PRESIDENT BUSH SR

PRESIDENT BUSH SR

Linden Hudson had worked with George Bush Sr several times on tv and film shoots. President Bush always remembered Linden and was super nice. The man was one of the best memories Linden has in life. He was simply nice.

Who is Linden Hudson?

CLASSICBANDS DOT COM said: “According to former roadie David Blayney in his book SHARP DRESSED MEN: sound engineer Linden Hudson co-wrote much of the material on the ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album.” (end quote)

(ZZ Top never opted to give Linden credit, which would have been THE decent thing to do. It would have helped Linden’s career as well. The band and management worked ruthlessly to take FULL credit for the hugely successful album which Linden had spent a good deal of time working on. Linden works daily to tell this story. Also, the band did not opt to pay Linden, they worked to keep all the money and they treated Linden like dirt. It was abuse. Linden launched a limited lawsuit, brought about using his limited resources which brought limited results and took years. No one should treat the co-writer of their most successful album like this. It’s just deeply fucked up.)
+++
Hear the original ZZ Top ELIMINATOR writing/rehearsal tapes made by Linden Hudson and Billy Gibbons at: www.flickr.com/photos/152350852@N02/35711891332/in/photol...
+++
Read Linden’s story of the making of the super-famous ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album at: www.flickr.com/people/152350852@N02/
+++
LICKLIBRARY DOT COM (2013 Billy Gibbons interview) ZZ TOP’S BILLY GIBBONS FINALLY ADMITTED: “the Eliminator sessions in 1983 were guided largely by another one of our associates, Linden Hudson, a gifted engineer, during the development of those compositions.” (end quote) (Gibbons admits this after 30 years, but offers Linden no apology or reparations for lack of credit/royalties)
+++
MUSICRADAR DOT COM (2013 interview with ZZ Top’s guitarist Billy Gibbons broke 30 years of silence about Linden Hudson introducing synthesizers into ZZ Top’s sound.) Gibbons said: “This was a really interesting turning point. We had befriended somebody who would become an influential associate, a guy named Linden Hudson. He was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing, starting in the studio and eventually to the live stage. Linden had no fear and was eager to experiment in ways that would frighten most bands. But we followed suit, and the synthesizers started to show up on record.” (once again, there was no apology from ZZ Top or Billy Gibbons after this revelation).
+++
TEXAS MONTHLY MAGAZINE (Dec 1996, By Joe Nick Patoski): "Linden Hudson floated the notion that the ideal dance music had 124 beats per minute; then he and Gibbons conceived, wrote, and recorded what amounted to a rough draft of an album before the band had set foot inside Ardent Studios."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By David Blayney) : "Probably the most dramatic development in ZZ Top recording approaches came about as Eliminator was constructed. What had gone on before evolutionary; this change was revolutionary. ZZ Top got what amounted to a new bandsman (Linden) for the album, unknown to the world at large and at first even to Dusty and Frank."
+++
CNET DOT COM: (question posed to ZZ Top): Sound engineer Linden Hudson was described as a high-tech music teacher on your highly successful "Eliminator" album. How much did the band experiment with electronic instruments prior to that album?
+++
THE HOUSTON CHRONICLE, MARCH 2018: "Eliminator" had a tremendous impact on us and the people who listen to us," says ZZ Top’s bass player. Common band lore points to production engineer Linden Hudson suggesting that 120 beats per minute was the perfect rock tempo, or "the people’s tempo" as it came to be known.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by David Blayney: (page 227): "…the song LEGS Linden Hudson introduced the pumping synthesizer effect."
+++
(Search Linden Hudson in the various ZZ Top Wikipedia pages which are related to the ELIMINATOR album and you will find bits about Linden. Also the main ZZ Top Wikipedia page mentions Linden. He’s mentioned in at least 7 ZZ Top related Wikipedia pages.)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP By David Blayney: "Linden found himself in the position of being Billy’s (Billy Gibbons, ZZ Top guitarist) closest collaborator on Eliminator. In fact, he wound up spending more time on the album than anybody except Billy. While the two of them spent day after day in the studio, they were mostly alone with the equipment and the ideas."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: BEER DRINKERS & HELL RAISERS: A ZZ TOP GUIDE (By Neil Daniels, released 2014): "Hudson reportedly had a significant role to play during the planning stages of the release (ELIMINATOR)."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE (ROLLING STONE PRESS, WRITTEN BY DEBORAH FROST): "Linden was always doing computer studies. It was something that fascinated him, like studio technology. He thought he might understand the components of popular songs better if he fed certain data into his computer. It might help him understand what hits (song releases) of any given period share. He first found out about speed; all the songs he studied deviated no more than one beat from 120 beats per minute. Billy immediately started to write some songs with 120 beats per minute. Linden helped out with a couple, like UNDER PRESSURE and SHARP DRESSED MAN. Someone had to help Billy out. Dusty and Frank didn’t even like to rehearse much. Their studio absence wasn’t really a problem though. The bass and drum parts were easily played with a synthesizer or Linn drum machine." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "After his quantitative revelations, Linden informally but instantly became ZZ Top’s rehearsal hall theoretician, producer, and engineer." (end quote)
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST): "With the release of their ninth album, ELIMINATOR, in 1983, these hairy, unlikely rock heroes had become a pop phenomenon. This had something to do with the discoveries of a young preproduction engineer (Linden Hudson) whose contributions, like those of many associated with the band over the years, were never acknowledged."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By DAVID BLAYNEY) : "The integral position Linden occupied in the process of building El​iminator was demonstrated eloquently in the case of song Under Pressure. Billy and Linden, the studio wizards, did the whole song all in one afternoon without either the bass player or drummer even knowing it had been written and recorded on a demo tape. Linden synthesized the bass and drums and helped write the lyrics; Billy did the guitars and vocals."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "TRES HOMBRES – THE STORY OF ZZ TOP" BY DAVID SINCLAIR (Writer for the Times Of London): "Linden Hudson, the engineer/producer who lived at Beard’s house (ZZ’s drummer) had drawn their attention to the possibilities of the new recording technology and specifically to the charms of the straight drumming pattern, as used on a programmed drum machine. On ELIMINATOR ZZ Top unveiled a simple new musical combination that cracked open a vast worldwide market.
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESS MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "ELIMINATOR went on to become a multi-platinum album, just as Linden had predicted when he and Billy were setting up the 124-beat tempos and arranging all the material. Rolling Stone eventually picked the album as number 39 out of the top 100 of the 80’s. Linden Hudson in a fair world shoud have had his name all over ELIMINATOR and gotten the just compensation he deserved. Instead he got ostracized."
+++
FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by DAVID BLAYNEY: "He (Linden) went back with the boys to 1970 when he was working as a radio disc jocky aliased Jack Smack. He was emcee for a show ZZ did around that time, and even sang an encore tune with the band, perhaps the only person ever to have that honor." (side note: this was ZZ Top’s very first show).
+++
FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "Linden remained at Frank’s (ZZ Top drummer) place as ZZ’s live-in engineer throughout the whole period of ELIMINATOR rehearsals, and was like one of the family… as he (Linden) worked at the controls day after day, watching the album (ELIMINATOR) take shape, his hopes for a big step forward in his production career undoubtably soared. ELIMINATOR marked the first time that ZZ Top was able to rehearse an entire album with the recording studio gadgetry that Billy so loved. With Linden Hudson around all the time, it also was the first time the band could write, rehearse, and record with someone who knew the men and the machines. ZZ Top was free to go musically crazy, but also musically crazy like a fox. Linden made that possible too."
+++
FROM THE BOOK "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST, WRITER FOR ROLLING STONE MAGAZINE): "… SHARP DRESSED MAN which employed Hudson’s 120 beat-per-minute theory. The feel, the enthusiasm, the snappy beat and crisp clean sound propelled ELIMINATOR into the ears and hearts of 5 million people who previously could have cared less about the boogie band of RIO GRANDE MUD."
+++
THE GREATEST ROCK REBRAND OF ALL TIME (by Jason Miller): "Sound engineer Linden Hudson researched the tempos at which the most popular rock tracks in the charts had been recorded. His data showed that there was something very special about 120 beats to a minute. Gibbons decided to record pretty much the whole of ZZ Top’s new album at that tempo. The result? 1983’s Eliminator. It was named after Gibbons’ Ford Coupé; it had been created through a unique combination of creative collaboration and data mining. And it was about to take the world by storm."
+++
ULTIMATECLASSICROCK DOT COM: "This new melding of styles was encouraged by Hudson, who served as a kind of pre-producer for ​EL LOCO … … Hudson helped construct ZZ Top drummer Frank Beard’s home studio, and had lived with him for a time. That led to these initial sessions, and then a closer collaboration on 1983’s ​ELIMINATOR.
+++
FIREDOGLAKE DOT COM: "I like Billy Gibbons’ guitar tone quite a lot, but I lost all respect for them after reading how badly they fucked over Linden Hudson (the guy who was the brains behind their move to include synthesizers and co-wrote most of their career-defining Eliminator record)."
+++
EMAIL FROM A ZZ TOP FAN TO LINDEN (One Of Many): "I write you today about broken hearts, one is mine and one is for you. I have been a ZZ Top fan since I was 6 years old. I purchased ELIMINATOR vinyl from Caldors in Connecticut with the $20 my grandma gave me for my birthday. I will spare the #1 fan epic saga of tee shirts, harassing Noreen at the fan club via phone weekly for years, over 40 shows attended. Posters, non stop conversation about the time I have spent idolizing this band, but more Billy G, as he has seemed to break free of the Lone Wolf shackles and it became more clear this was his baby. In baseball I was Don Mattingly’s #1 fan, Hershel Walker in football, Billy Gibbons in music. What do these individuals have in common? They were role models. Not a DUI, not a spousal abuse, not a drug overdose, not a cheater. Until I read your web page. I read Blayney’s book around 1992 or so, I was in middle school and I was familiar with your name for a long time. I didn’t realize you suffered so greatly or that your involvement was so significant. It pains me to learn my idol not only cheated but did something so wrong to another being. I now know this is where tall tales and fun loving bullshit and poor morals and ethics are distinguished and where I would no longer consider myself to look up to Billy. I love to joke and I love credit but I have always prided myself on ethics and principles… I hold them dear. I wanted to say, the snippet of UNDER PRESSURE you played sounded very new wave and I may like it more than the finished product. Well that’s all. You have reached ZZ Top’s biggest fan and I can let others know. Bummer. Cheers and good luck. James."​
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VINYLSTYLUS DOT COM: Much of Eliminator was recorded at 124bpm, the tempo that considered perfect for dance music by the band’s associate Linden Hudson. An aspiring songwriter, former DJ and – at the time – drummer Frank Beard’s house-sitter, Hudson’s involvement in the recording of the album would come back to haunt them. Despite assisting Gibbons with the pre-production and developing of the material that would end up on both El Loco and Eliminator, his contribution wasn’t credited when either record was released.
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INFOMORY DOT COM: ‘Eliminator’ is a studio album of the American rock band ZZ Top. It was released on March 23, 1983 and topped the charts worldwide. Its lyrics were co-written by the band’s sound engineer Linden Hudson while the band denied it.
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MUSICMISCELLANEOUS DOT COM: (ELIMINATOR ALBUM):
However, despite the album credits bass-player Dusty Hill and drummer Frank Beard were replaced during the recording process by synthesizers and a drum machine programmed by engineer Linden Hudson, who allegedly co-wrote much of the music with Gibbons despite receiving no credit at the time. Gibbons would later say of Hudson that “he was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing”. Hudson did no less than show the band how to stay relevant in an age where three guys from Texas with long beards (except famously for Frank Beard) and blues licks were one of the last things the contemporary market was demanding.

Posted by lindenhud1 on 2018-12-05 00:08:15

Tagged: , president bush , president , usa , president of the united states , potus , george , commander in chief , chair , big , daddy , george bush , bush sr , bush , senior , george bush senior , nice guy , a great guy , mister president

PRESIDENT BUSH SR

PRESIDENT BUSH SR

This day Linden was working on a film crew with ex president George Bush Sr. Linden has worked with this president several times, he was a super nice guy.

Who is Linden Hudson?

CLASSICBANDS DOT COM said: “According to former roadie David Blayney in his book SHARP DRESSED MEN: sound engineer Linden Hudson co-wrote much of the material on the ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album.” (end quote)

(ZZ Top never opted to give Linden credit, which would have been THE decent thing to do. It would have helped Linden’s career as well. The band and management worked ruthlessly to take FULL credit for the hugely successful album which Linden had spent a good deal of time working on. Linden works daily to tell this story. Also, the band did not opt to pay Linden, they worked to keep all the money and they treated Linden like dirt. It was abuse. Linden launched a limited lawsuit, brought about using his limited resources which brought limited results and took years. No one should treat the co-writer of their most successful album like this. It’s just deeply fucked up.)
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Hear the original ZZ Top ELIMINATOR writing/rehearsal tapes made by Linden Hudson and Billy Gibbons at: www.flickr.com/photos/152350852@N02/35711891332/in/photol...
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Read Linden’s story of the making of the super-famous ZZ Top ELIMINATOR album at: www.flickr.com/people/152350852@N02/
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LICKLIBRARY DOT COM (2013 Billy Gibbons interview) ZZ TOP’S BILLY GIBBONS FINALLY ADMITTED: “the Eliminator sessions in 1983 were guided largely by another one of our associates, Linden Hudson, a gifted engineer, during the development of those compositions.” (end quote) (Gibbons admits this after 30 years, but offers Linden no apology or reparations for lack of credit/royalties)
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MUSICRADAR DOT COM (2013 interview with ZZ Top’s guitarist Billy Gibbons broke 30 years of silence about Linden Hudson introducing synthesizers into ZZ Top’s sound.) Gibbons said: “This was a really interesting turning point. We had befriended somebody who would become an influential associate, a guy named Linden Hudson. He was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing, starting in the studio and eventually to the live stage. Linden had no fear and was eager to experiment in ways that would frighten most bands. But we followed suit, and the synthesizers started to show up on record.” (once again, there was no apology from ZZ Top or Billy Gibbons after this revelation).
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TEXAS MONTHLY MAGAZINE (Dec 1996, By Joe Nick Patoski): "Linden Hudson floated the notion that the ideal dance music had 124 beats per minute; then he and Gibbons conceived, wrote, and recorded what amounted to a rough draft of an album before the band had set foot inside Ardent Studios."
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FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By David Blayney) : "Probably the most dramatic development in ZZ Top recording approaches came about as Eliminator was constructed. What had gone on before evolutionary; this change was revolutionary. ZZ Top got what amounted to a new bandsman (Linden) for the album, unknown to the world at large and at first even to Dusty and Frank."
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CNET DOT COM: (question posed to ZZ Top): Sound engineer Linden Hudson was described as a high-tech music teacher on your highly successful "Eliminator" album. How much did the band experiment with electronic instruments prior to that album?
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THE HOUSTON CHRONICLE, MARCH 2018: "Eliminator" had a tremendous impact on us and the people who listen to us," says ZZ Top’s bass player. Common band lore points to production engineer Linden Hudson suggesting that 120 beats per minute was the perfect rock tempo, or "the people’s tempo" as it came to be known.
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FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by David Blayney: (page 227): "…the song LEGS Linden Hudson introduced the pumping synthesizer effect."
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(Search Linden Hudson in the various ZZ Top Wikipedia pages which are related to the ELIMINATOR album and you will find bits about Linden. Also the main ZZ Top Wikipedia page mentions Linden. He’s mentioned in at least 7 ZZ Top related Wikipedia pages.)
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FROM THE BOOK: SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP By David Blayney: "Linden found himself in the position of being Billy’s (Billy Gibbons, ZZ Top guitarist) closest collaborator on Eliminator. In fact, he wound up spending more time on the album than anybody except Billy. While the two of them spent day after day in the studio, they were mostly alone with the equipment and the ideas."
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FROM THE BOOK: BEER DRINKERS & HELL RAISERS: A ZZ TOP GUIDE (By Neil Daniels, released 2014): "Hudson reportedly had a significant role to play during the planning stages of the release (ELIMINATOR)."
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FROM THE BOOK: ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE (ROLLING STONE PRESS, WRITTEN BY DEBORAH FROST): "Linden was always doing computer studies. It was something that fascinated him, like studio technology. He thought he might understand the components of popular songs better if he fed certain data into his computer. It might help him understand what hits (song releases) of any given period share. He first found out about speed; all the songs he studied deviated no more than one beat from 120 beats per minute. Billy immediately started to write some songs with 120 beats per minute. Linden helped out with a couple, like UNDER PRESSURE and SHARP DRESSED MAN. Someone had to help Billy out. Dusty and Frank didn’t even like to rehearse much. Their studio absence wasn’t really a problem though. The bass and drum parts were easily played with a synthesizer or Linn drum machine." (end quote)
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FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "After his quantitative revelations, Linden informally but instantly became ZZ Top’s rehearsal hall theoretician, producer, and engineer." (end quote)
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FROM THE BOOK: "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST): "With the release of their ninth album, ELIMINATOR, in 1983, these hairy, unlikely rock heroes had become a pop phenomenon. This had something to do with the discoveries of a young preproduction engineer (Linden Hudson) whose contributions, like those of many associated with the band over the years, were never acknowledged."
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FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP (By DAVID BLAYNEY) : "The integral position Linden occupied in the process of building El​iminator was demonstrated eloquently in the case of song Under Pressure. Billy and Linden, the studio wizards, did the whole song all in one afternoon without either the bass player or drummer even knowing it had been written and recorded on a demo tape. Linden synthesized the bass and drums and helped write the lyrics; Billy did the guitars and vocals."
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FROM THE BOOK: "TRES HOMBRES – THE STORY OF ZZ TOP" BY DAVID SINCLAIR (Writer for the Times Of London): "Linden Hudson, the engineer/producer who lived at Beard’s house (ZZ’s drummer) had drawn their attention to the possibilities of the new recording technology and specifically to the charms of the straight drumming pattern, as used on a programmed drum machine. On ELIMINATOR ZZ Top unveiled a simple new musical combination that cracked open a vast worldwide market.
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FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESS MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "ELIMINATOR went on to become a multi-platinum album, just as Linden had predicted when he and Billy were setting up the 124-beat tempos and arranging all the material. Rolling Stone eventually picked the album as number 39 out of the top 100 of the 80’s. Linden Hudson in a fair world shoud have had his name all over ELIMINATOR and gotten the just compensation he deserved. Instead he got ostracized."
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FROM THE BOOK: ​SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP by DAVID BLAYNEY: "He (Linden) went back with the boys to 1970 when he was working as a radio disc jocky aliased Jack Smack. He was emcee for a show ZZ did around that time, and even sang an encore tune with the band, perhaps the only person ever to have that honor." (side note: this was ZZ Top’s very first show).
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FROM THE BOOK: "SHARP DRESSED MEN – ZZ TOP" BY DAVID BLAYNEY: "Linden remained at Frank’s (ZZ Top drummer) place as ZZ’s live-in engineer throughout the whole period of ELIMINATOR rehearsals, and was like one of the family… as he (Linden) worked at the controls day after day, watching the album (ELIMINATOR) take shape, his hopes for a big step forward in his production career undoubtably soared. ELIMINATOR marked the first time that ZZ Top was able to rehearse an entire album with the recording studio gadgetry that Billy so loved. With Linden Hudson around all the time, it also was the first time the band could write, rehearse, and record with someone who knew the men and the machines. ZZ Top was free to go musically crazy, but also musically crazy like a fox. Linden made that possible too."
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FROM THE BOOK "ZZ TOP – BAD AND WORLDWIDE" (ROLLING STONE PRESS, BY DEBORAH FROST, WRITER FOR ROLLING STONE MAGAZINE): "… SHARP DRESSED MAN which employed Hudson’s 120 beat-per-minute theory. The feel, the enthusiasm, the snappy beat and crisp clean sound propelled ELIMINATOR into the ears and hearts of 5 million people who previously could have cared less about the boogie band of RIO GRANDE MUD."
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THE GREATEST ROCK REBRAND OF ALL TIME (by Jason Miller): "Sound engineer Linden Hudson researched the tempos at which the most popular rock tracks in the charts had been recorded. His data showed that there was something very special about 120 beats to a minute. Gibbons decided to record pretty much the whole of ZZ Top’s new album at that tempo. The result? 1983’s Eliminator. It was named after Gibbons’ Ford Coupé; it had been created through a unique combination of creative collaboration and data mining. And it was about to take the world by storm."
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ULTIMATECLASSICROCK DOT COM: "This new melding of styles was encouraged by Hudson, who served as a kind of pre-producer for ​EL LOCO … … Hudson helped construct ZZ Top drummer Frank Beard’s home studio, and had lived with him for a time. That led to these initial sessions, and then a closer collaboration on 1983’s ​ELIMINATOR.
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FIREDOGLAKE DOT COM: "I like Billy Gibbons’ guitar tone quite a lot, but I lost all respect for them after reading how badly they fucked over Linden Hudson (the guy who was the brains behind their move to include synthesizers and co-wrote most of their career-defining Eliminator record)."
+++
EMAIL FROM A ZZ TOP FAN TO LINDEN (One Of Many): "I write you today about broken hearts, one is mine and one is for you. I have been a ZZ Top fan since I was 6 years old. I purchased ELIMINATOR vinyl from Caldors in Connecticut with the $20 my grandma gave me for my birthday. I will spare the #1 fan epic saga of tee shirts, harassing Noreen at the fan club via phone weekly for years, over 40 shows attended. Posters, non stop conversation about the time I have spent idolizing this band, but more Billy G, as he has seemed to break free of the Lone Wolf shackles and it became more clear this was his baby. In baseball I was Don Mattingly’s #1 fan, Hershel Walker in football, Billy Gibbons in music. What do these individuals have in common? They were role models. Not a DUI, not a spousal abuse, not a drug overdose, not a cheater. Until I read your web page. I read Blayney’s book around 1992 or so, I was in middle school and I was familiar with your name for a long time. I didn’t realize you suffered so greatly or that your involvement was so significant. It pains me to learn my idol not only cheated but did something so wrong to another being. I now know this is where tall tales and fun loving bullshit and poor morals and ethics are distinguished and where I would no longer consider myself to look up to Billy. I love to joke and I love credit but I have always prided myself on ethics and principles… I hold them dear. I wanted to say, the snippet of UNDER PRESSURE you played sounded very new wave and I may like it more than the finished product. Well that’s all. You have reached ZZ Top’s biggest fan and I can let others know. Bummer. Cheers and good luck. James."​
+++
VINYLSTYLUS DOT COM: Much of Eliminator was recorded at 124bpm, the tempo that considered perfect for dance music by the band’s associate Linden Hudson. An aspiring songwriter, former DJ and – at the time – drummer Frank Beard’s house-sitter, Hudson’s involvement in the recording of the album would come back to haunt them. Despite assisting Gibbons with the pre-production and developing of the material that would end up on both El Loco and Eliminator, his contribution wasn’t credited when either record was released.
+++
INFOMORY DOT COM: ‘Eliminator’ is a studio album of the American rock band ZZ Top. It was released on March 23, 1983 and topped the charts worldwide. Its lyrics were co-written by the band’s sound engineer Linden Hudson while the band denied it.
+++
MUSICMISCELLANEOUS DOT COM: (ELIMINATOR ALBUM):
However, despite the album credits bass-player Dusty Hill and drummer Frank Beard were replaced during the recording process by synthesizers and a drum machine programmed by engineer Linden Hudson, who allegedly co-wrote much of the music with Gibbons despite receiving no credit at the time. Gibbons would later say of Hudson that “he was a gifted songwriter and had production skills that were leading the pack at times. He brought some elements to the forefront that helped reshape what ZZ Top were doing”. Hudson did no less than show the band how to stay relevant in an age where three guys from Texas with long beards (except famously for Frank Beard) and blues licks were one of the last things the contemporary market was demanding.

Posted by lindenhud1 on 2018-12-01 23:56:25

Tagged: , president , bush , president bush , office , linden , usa , united states , president of the united states , mister president , commander in chief , potus , chief , executive , boss , the boss , george h w bush , presidential , boss man , chair