2012 China Will Become The World’s Largest Urban Rail Transit Market – Mass Transit, Subway,
According to the Chinese national standard “terminology commonly used in urban public transport” is defined, urban rail transit is usually electric-powered, wheel-rail operation mode to the rapid and large capacity public transport in general. Common types of urban rail transit subway (Metro / Subway), light (Lightrail), Monorail (Monorail) and tram (Tram), which often appear in the single-track in southwest China, tram and more concentrated in the northern region.
Since the first subway line in London, the level of development of urban rail transit on behalf of the city to some extent the level of modernization. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the total population of urban residents in China to grow at a rate of 3.4% per year, while civilian car ownership is the annual average growth rate reached 16.0%, which means that China’s urban transport situation is faced with severe challenges. Compared to other modes of public transport, urban rail transit has large capacity, low power, high speed, high security and other significant advantages, which has met the needs of modern urban construction, which is highly progressive urban rail transit concern.
The late 90s in the last century, a time when the Chinese government in order to prevent excessive investment, once halted a series of urban rail transit construction projects. The silent period lasted until 2005, the Government began to re-examine the need for urban rail transit construction, and introduced a “priority development of urban public transport on the views of” the relevant local governments to put in place to encourage the urban rail transit construction plan, a clear urban Rail traffic on the global impact of urban development. In response to the global financial crisis in 2008, the Chinese government implemented a package of economic stimulus, including the vigorous development of urban rail transit. In August 2009, the State Council approved the 22 approved the city’s subway construction plan, the total construction length of about 2,500 kilometers, the total investment is expected to nearly 9,000 billion yuan.
General Office of the State Council in 2003 released “on the strengthening of urban rail transit construction management notice” requirement, to declare the development of metro cities should meet the following basic conditions: the local general budget revenue of 100 billion yuan, China GDP reached 1,000 billion yuan, urban population of 300 million people. It is estimated that the country can achieve a number of requirements that are about 40 cities. Currently, 27 cities have developed a clear urban rail transit planning, and some other cities are also in the process of development.
At the end of 2009, China’s urban rail transit operators in total mileage up to 1,038.7 km, is located after the United States, ranking second in the world. According to Frost & Sullivan forecast that China in the next 5 years, each building will be more than 500 km mileage, and maintain a compound growth rate of 13.4%. This means that China will overtake the U.S. in 2012 to become the world’s largest rail market.
According to Frost & Sullivan’s calculations, China’s average per km of urban rail transit construction of about 400 million yuan of investment, so the next five years, China’s total investment in urban rail transport will reach 1.5 trillion yuan.
The cost of urban rail transit terms of the structure, engineering design consulting and management fees of approximately 8% of the total cost, land acquisition and housing demolition of about 14% of the total cost of civil works costs can account for half of the remaining part is related to equipment purchase and installation costs, of which about 6% of installation costs, equipment purchase costs account for 22%.
Urban rail transit construction is a huge project, involving many systems and equipment, in accordance with the normal budgeting can be divided into the following components: 1) vehicle, the purchase of equipment purchased about 30% to 40 %; 2) communication and signal systems, primarily by private communication, consumer communications, public security communication and signal systems constitute about 20% of equipment form; 3) power supply system, primarily by changing
, Catenary, lighting and power monitoring equipment, constitute about 15% of equipment costs; 4) station auxiliary equipment, including escalators, elevators and security gates, about 11% of equipment costs; 5), ventilation and air conditioning systems, mainly chillers, fans, air conditioning units, etc., and about 6% of equipment costs; 6) ticketing system, the automatic ticketing system and fare collection system constitute about 6% of equipment costs; 7) other systems, including comprehensive monitoring system and fire protection, access control systems form.
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