Results are in on “Zenith City and Beyond” 500-Image CD-ROM by Jeff Lemke

Results are in on

If you enjoy pictures like the one shown on the cover of my latest project—taken at Duluth, MN. in 1966—then you’ll really enjoy my new Zenith City and Beyond 2016 digital image disc that’s available now. I announced this CD in October and made it available to subscribers for a small donation beginning on November 21st.

Positive vibes are already reaching my email INBOX, such as this one: "Just got my CD and absolutely love it! So many photos of places I have worked, brought back many memories. Thanks again for keeping Twin Ports Rail History alive." Vicki G.

As Vicki already discovered, my new CD contains 500 digital display images covering the Twin Ports of Duluth, Superior and surrounding communities—including the Mesabi Range. She used this link to find out much more information about this product before she made a small donation of just 4 cents an image!

Please check it out for yourself:

My 2016 digital image disc is designed to be viewed digitally—perfect for viewing on your favorite digital device. And if you’re a historian like me then you’ll be happy to learn that you can use my images in a history presentation of your own, as long as they are not modified in any way. These aren’t just quick scans and copies like virtually every other history photo CD on the market today. Each of these images has been restored to remove the dust, fingerprints, film blemishes and scratches. Quality varies depending on the age and condition of the original, but overall—they look pretty darn good.

Content includes both color and black & white images that you can view on your computer through a CD-ROM drive or through your HDTV if connected to your computer network. No special software needed. Each image is its own file. Click through them one at a time or watch in slide show mode on your computer or HDTV. This is silent, no music or annoying beeps or clicks. It’s all about the photos, and each is made from an original film negative or positive.

Railroads include at minimum:

Burlington Northern Railroad
Chicago & North Western Railway
Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range Railway
Duluth & Northeastern Railroad
Duluth, Winnipeg & Pacific Railway
Great Northern Railway
Lake Superior Terminal & Transfer Railway
Northern Pacific Railway
Milwaukee Road
Soo Line

I’ve included many different industrial topics from around the area too. There are pictures taken from the air and high vantage points, shots of depots, buildings, bridges, trains, train cars, steam and diesel locomotives and details, boats, industries, ore docks, ore trains, ore cars, ore mines, signs, railroad men, interlocking towers, rail yards, roundhouses, and pretty much anything else you can imagine. The oldest image on the CD go back to 1889 while most were taken during the 1950s-1980s. Only a scant handful are more recent than 1980. So please consider making a donation today to help me do much more in 2017. There is a book in the works too so be sure that you are subscribed to my once-a-month e-Newsletter to receive those updates by email.

Thanks so much for your interest and very kind support.

Here’s that information link again:


Posted by Twin Ports Rail History on 2016-11-26 15:16:51

Tagged: , Zenith , City , Beyond , Twin , Ports , Rail , History , Jeff , Lemke , 2016 , BN , Burlington , Northern , Great , Pacific , Railway , Railroad , Train , Duluth , Minnesota , MN , Superior , Wisconsin , WI , LST&T , Lake , Terminal , Transfer , Soo , Line , C&NW , Chicago , North , Western , Milwaukee , Road , Missabe , Iron , Range , Winnipeg , Union , Depot , West , Central , Avenue , Hill , Ore , Yards , Dock , Sorting , Freight , Car , Connor’s , Point , East , End , Junction , Rice’s , Aerial , Pictures , Station , Allouez , Grassy , Draw , Bridge , Interstate , Taconite , Grain , Elevator , Silo , Roundhouse , Kelly , Locomotive , Steam , Diesel

How to Find the Best Freight forwarder Companies in Singapore

How to Find the Best Freight forwarder Companies in Singapore

The  strongbox  shipping industry  offer  a  variety  of  shipping  forces  to  various position across  the  earth. One  can  effortlessly  rent  a  appropriate  sized  storage place  to  ship  large  quantity  of  items.  Container  shipping  forces  are  most  suitable when  you  are  shuffle from  one  country  to  a further. It is also one of the safest and reasonable manners of transport. When it comes to poignant large quantity. Factors  to  deem  while  hiring  worldwide container while  hiring  international trunk  shipping  services: if  one is the  procedure of  transferring from one country  from other  another  or want  to trade your  goods  globally  then one should make  sure  to  keep in mind the  following  factors:  believe  your  purpose and  how  fast  one  desire your  possessions to  reach your destination  at  your  door.


Keep in mind the detachment between one in progress and ultimate destination.


If one desires one, go to arrive at one final destination, then start the procedure early.


Identified what type and size of good one need to transport.


How to desire the right box shipping company?


intercontinental container  shipping  forces  are  quite  universal  nowadays and  most  commerce  men  and  families  prefer  container  shipping  services  for carrying goods or  moving  their  belongings. Therefore  penetrating  a  coffer  shipping  company  can be  pretty  effortless and easy, but  vindicating  a  reputable  company will be  need  a bit  investigate  and  careful investigation. Here are few tips to help one to look for a best freight companies in Singapore.


Decide a record container shipping company, which proffer a range of packages and coffer sizes.


One  should  talk  to  customer  forces  to search  out  how  every  corporation responds  to  one  query.  Preliminary early will make certain that the least container shipping prices. Prefer  a  register  container  shipping  company with  proper indemnity  and  operating  practice .  check  the  security  of  records  of  the  containers  shipping  company  one  choose. benefit  of  hiring containers  shipping  services  to  convey  goods and  has  the benefit  of  hiring  container  shipping  services  to transport  merchandise  and  has the  ability  to convey  about  8000 tons  of  goods  on a  solitary  voyage.


It’s  safe,  suitable,  quick  and  well-organized way  of  attainment  your  possessions  from  one  site  to another. It is the cheapest mode of merchandise transportation. Highly higher computers system is used for exact routing, conveying, loading and uploading.


Provides global connectivity it is the one of the most carbon efficient medium of transport with the recyclable containers.


Freight forwarding firms work intimately with the freight carriers and shipping companies to make sure that their clientele get the product distribute at the paramount rates. It is a very aggressive industry and a wide range of factor affects shipping costs.  However, whether you  are  in incriminate  of  a huge and a  wide  range  of  factors  affects shipping  costs.  However,  whether  you are in  indict  of  a  gigantic  international company or sole  proprietorship, id  one  required  to ship  one  merchandise  from one place to  another, chances are  very  high-quality  that  a  freight  forwarding company  is  make easy  the  whole procedure  for you.,  here  are  some  things  to  investigate for  in  a  freight  forwarding  company.

ESL freight forwarder in Singapore – Leading Shipping companies Bangladesh provides project cargo, sea fright services and Container shipping in Singapore.

What More You Can Get From Freight Forwarder?

What More You Can Get From Freight Forwarder?
What are your expectations form the freight forwarder you choose? Have a look. International freight around the world covers every spectrum of information involved in moving ,by these multi-tasking agents. Before selecting the one of it which you will use ,interview many of them along with their references. If you get a rock-solid international freight forwarder you will get a great partner for your company endeavors.

1. Expect your freight forwarder to handle all transportation logistics in their role as transportation brokers. This may not sound like much if you’ve been used to getting a freight quote or two from small Ltl carriers to ship goods from your manufacturing plant to other U.S. locations. But the international freight game is far more complex. These agents must have thorough knowledge of U.S. export laws but also the varying laws, rules and regulations of countries throughout the world – and these are by no means universal. To attempt to master these rules in-house would overpower your shipping department – and would be unnecessary since these freight forwarders routinely confer these issues.

2. Expect help with the details. Your international freight forwarder will be well-versed in handling all the paperwork required including the commercial invoice and the declaration of origin. Each destination country will require local documentation, too. If you want the forwarder to produce and submit the paperwork they will do so and include the cost in your freight quote so that no detail is overlooked.

3. Expect an accurate freight quote that covers every factor. When you decide to ship international freight many dynamics need to be taken into consideration. They include the possible need for warehousing your goods during the process, the freight class your goods fit into, the use of Ltl carriers for smaller loads, insurance to cover risk, possible taxes and tariffs, special needs like refrigeration or protection for harmful materials, payment to foreign service providers, and much more. Of course, the distance and the type of carrier – air, rail or ocean liner – are also major components of the freight quote. Most freight forwarders and transportation broker agents will supply you with more than one freight price by typing different modes of transportation into their freight calculator. That way, you can decide whether getting the products to market more quickly is worth the extra shipping expenditures you will incur.

4. Expect practical consultation. Freight forwarders must have a best quick nuances of shipping international freight all over the world including Asian,European & middle east countries. If you are looking for advice on the best way to handle aspects of your shipment they gladly provide consultation to their clients, including information on risks and dangers associated with various world hot spots for difficulty. When you ship international freight , there are many potential threats involved just as Somali pirates.

As you begin the process of transforming your international freight into profits To minimize your margins is the best possible way which will save money on shipping, warehousing, insurance and every details involved. The right freight forwarder will be the one and perhaps the only call you’ll need to make to keep your freight quote at a minimum while receiving the quality of service that will deliver your international freight safely and promptly to its destination.

A descriptive freight calculator will covered and factored into the freight quote which puts together every single aspect of the logistics. The international freight forwarder will have established relationships with air carriers, rail transport companies and ocean freight carriers, including Ftl and Ltl carriers. They will cover every aspect of transportation jobs from the point the load leaves your shipping dock to the time it arrives at the receiving dock.

Suggestions To Help Small Freight Carriers Manage Freight Quotes

Suggestions To Help Small Freight Carriers Manage Freight Quotes

– Brad Hollister, Freight Access

Although all carriers operate differently, the negotiation of freight rates has many similarities and differences between large commercial freight carriers and smaller indepdent trucking companies. Many small carriers operate under the assumption that a large carrier has more negotiating leverage than a small carrier, and to a degree that’s true if you consider the following:

Typically, large freight carriers have a good number of resources available to make informed decisions. Most significant carriers have a pricing department, long standing shipper and freight broker relationships, market data, capability to turn down freight along with can provide volume pricing discounts. These big freight carriers (over ten trucks) have tremendous advantages when negotiating freight yet only make up 75% of the marketplace . Utilizing the tips below small freight carriers will be able to compete with larger freight carriers during the next request for pricing proposal made by your shippers and supply chain managers.

– Better understand your operation expenditures. There are many operating costs to be considered when establishing your price. Trucker pay, Fuel Costs, Taxes, Insurance Costs, Maintenance allowances, office expenses, default or factoring fees and also significantly much more. In order to obtain a healthy profit, these operation costs are to be kept in mind. Fuel is the great fluctuator, so ensure that you understand in impact that freight diesel has on your company. Know your operating cost per mile (annual expenses divided by annual miles driven) and your fuel costs per mile so that you are to have clear idea of your expenditures.

– Establish relationship with clients. Make sure that you search for accounts which will aid to deliver profitable freight. An account which constantly tries to take advantage of you or pays late is not worth having. It is important that a healthy relationship is built which benefits both parties. If an logistics broker, manufacturer, or supply chain manager is challenging to work with or pays freight bills slowly, do not be afraid to quit conducting business with that shipper. Cutting accounts lose when they are not performing will make sure that you are spending your time working for only profitable customers. This starts by letting shippers know exactly just what you expect from them along with understanding your pricing policies as well as minimum profit expectations.

– Build a rock solid reputation. In everything that you do make sure that you are attaining 100% customer satisfaction. By making positive that you can easily exceed expectations, you can soon develop a solid recognition which should help to grow your business and provide a service that shippers are comfident in. Frequently customers determine to hire smaller carriers because of the freight shippers or third party logistics firms may have customized shipping objectives. As a tiny freight provider you are able to provide customized services which may aid you to win business which is not able to be attained by larger carriers. If a small carrier provides features or services which go beyond typical carrier responsiblities, make sure that the driver and trucking company is being paid for these services.

– Turn down freight shipments which cause you to lose money. It starts with understanding your costs, but make sure that you are able to refuse freight shipments which cause you to lose money. All successful freight carriers know when to pass on freight shipments which would cause them to lose money.

– Identify top lanes and freight lanes which pay more money. Making use of numerous tools inside the marketplace such as the Lane Pricing Tools of Freight, may make certain that you might be not under-charging clients in specific lanes as well as are protecting your minimum profit margins. Freight Access has utilized tens of thousands of freight bills to develop its market rate base for accurate pricing in almost any lane.

The North American Trucking Marketplace has encountered a number of hardships throughout the last year. The future suggests that more difficulties are a head for freight carriers. It is important to adhere to these types of fundamental enterprise principles of prosperous trucking companies to ensure that your freight operations are effective as well as able to produce an income, instead of lose money.

Brad Hollister is an Seasoned Logistics Executive with Freight Access (Brad Hollister). along with Director of Enterprise Development for Freight Access, Inc. Hollister has a interest for Enterprise Development by way of innovation, process improvement, as well as implementation of the most current technology. Feel totally free to contact him with virtually any inquiries, opportunities, or suggestions or (312) 450-3020.

Freight Access

$600 Cast Iron 3 Axis CNC Milling Machine

$600 Cast Iron 3 Axis CNC Milling Machine

Having had my Sieg X1 (actually, it is Harbor Freight 47158) manual milling machine for over a year now, not being mechanically inclined at all, I find it hard to do anything I thought I could do. I have been using it as an expensive drill press at most. So I have always been itchy about converting it into CNC machine. Now, finally, here it is!

The Sieg X1 manual mill is a very sturdy little machine and is sold by many vendors such as Harbor Freight, Grizzly, etc. Its cast iron construction, dove tail column and table bed are far more superior than any other homebrew CNC mills or routers I found on the internet. Though, I have been using mine as an expensive drill press because I am not trained as machinist, most of the difficulties that I encountered, such as positioning tables, and uneven hand wheel cranking that causes "ripples" in finished surface, can be resolved by CNC conversion.

So, combining its superior mechanical properties and CNC capability, a CNC converted Sieg X1 mill can be a serious tool in making really good parts. Best of all, its small footprint make it perfect candidate of desktop mill for hobbists.

Of course, for me, I am still not a machinist, even with a CNC machine, but having this little thing sitting there collecting dust, knowing its capabilities when armed with right stuff, I just had this urge to convert it into a CNC mill machine. Now, I have done it, and surprisingly, total cost for a three axis CNC conversion is under $300. What does this mean? For a total of $600, you get a sturdy, 3-axis cast iron CNC mill machine. Better yet, the cost include stepper motors, stepper motor controller, stepper motor mounting hardware and power supply, too!!! Compared with other available CNC mill machines, this is unbeatable.

Performance wise, it is OK for me. I can do circular cut at 6 IPM feed rate and 0.025 inch depth on 6061 aluminum sheet. The "air move", ie, when not cutting, are 18IPM, 12IPM, and 9 IPM, for X, Y and Z axis respectively without missing steps, this is not bad, at least for me who only work on pieces less than 6 inches in any dimension. So here is the summary:

— X rapids (air move) is 18 IPM.
— Y rapids is 12 IPM
— Z rapids is 9 IPM, no counter weight mechanism is installed.
— Cutting speed can be set at 6 IPM and 0.025 inch depth for 6061 aluminum.
— X backlash compensation is 0.003 inch
— Y backlash compensation is 0.003 inch
— Z backlash compensation is ZERO.

Backlash is measured using an indicator and some G code to command tables to move certain distance and move back. I am not sure if this is the "professional" way to do it, but it seems that is what backlash is.

As they say, the best method to test rigidity of a CNC machine is to do some circular cuts. I did not notice any oval shaped circles while doing test cuts. This is good because it means all backlashes (which is the root of oval shaped circle) are compensated well. But computer speed, gibs adjustments, motor strength, and cutter sharpness matters a lot.

Some rough edges of my test cuts are results of broken spindle motor gear when I miscalculated the Z height. The end mill just ramped into cast iron clamping kit. I wish I saved that broken plastic gear and take a photo of it, it was basically a "toothless" gear — I did not realize it was broken and continue to use the machine until all teeth on the gear were broken.

The following comments make up all procedures of the whole process. They are:

— Stepper Motor Mounting Hardware (costs around $60 for all three axis)
— Stepper Motors (~$120 for 3 axis high torque ones) and Controllers (~$60 for 3 axis) with PC interface (~$20).
— Power Supply (~$20). If you already have a spare one, you can use it.
— Future Expansion Ideas.

All information presented here are for informational purpose only. Modifying, operating machinery can be dangerous and precaution must be taken all the time. I am not responsible for anything that results. Use information presented here at your own risk

Posted by mjkzz (a.k.a zwdeal) on 2007-04-28 21:15:26

Tagged: , Harbor , Freight , Micro , Mill , CNC , Sieg , X1

Freight Quotes ? How Do You Lock The Right Deal?

Freight Quotes ? How Do You Lock The Right Deal?

The growth of an International Freight Company lies in the number of successful shipments delivered and the accuracy with which they are carried out. The need as well as demand for shipping agencies is quite high in the current scenario and therefore competition has become fierce. Every freight company claims to own the modes of land, air and water transport and promises fastest and safest shipping at the cheapest rates. Of the multitude of international shipping companies that have risen in the past decade, many of them do not rise up to the standards that they claim.

Freight is generally categorized by the mode in which they are transported and also by the size and urgency of the delivery. They can be shipped via air, water, road or rail. Any International Freight Company has all the four modes of shipping. Air transport is usually chosen when the customer asks for expedited shipping or any international shipping. Postal mails are also generally air-shipped. Water is used as the mode of transport when large shipments such as containers and crates have to be shipped from one part to another. They are also used when wood, steel, etc have to be shipped. Road transport is the best choice for domestic shipping between relatively less distant places. Rail transport is the best option for cheaper transport of bulky items like building materials steel, wood, coal, etc. Quoting the price for a shipment is a tricky deal. Every company has their own policies and principles for the rates that they devise. The domestic shipments are generally rated by a common rule or policy. The rate generally is fixed for a particular distance and particular weight of the package being delivered. This rate is constant within a state and will vary when it is out-of-state.

Freight Quotes are usually taken big companies to do business deliveries on a bulk scale. Certain companies hire a particular shipping company to be their shipping partner so as to avoid all hassles and troubles. All the company related shipping will be handled solely by the agency and no other freight shipper ever gets to make any deal with them as long as a legal contract has been signed by the company and the shipper. The rates of shipping are generally different from the commercial shipping rates and are usually lesser. Large multinational companies are usually hired in these cases.

Cost and accuracy of delivery decide the whole process even while making Freight Quotes. Why take the trouble of trying to find a shipper and then trying to decide which mode to opt for when you have a renowned agency going to all this trouble for you? FreightGuru is by far the largest and most wide-spread shipping company in the US that offers a highly affordable price on all shipping deals. The company’s alliance with all the different world-class freight shippers makes the experience of shipping smooth and painless as well as affordable.


Nathan Vargreshi is associated with reputed FreightGuru.FreightGuru gives options of wide range of freight quotes to fulfil any of your transportation needs.For more information about freight quotes or visit : .

Benefits of an Accurate Freight Quote

Benefits of an Accurate Freight Quote

Why Businesses Ship Freight

Businesses use freight shipping because it saves them time and money. When shipping items in bulk, no other option comes close to the services and pricing a freight carrier provides. The goal is to find a reputable freight company you can work with that has a vast network of top carriers, exclusive discounts, and equipment options. As an additional bonus, most places let you compare rates, submit completed orders for pickup, manage billing, and track shipments online in just a few clicks.

I’ve simplified the process below. By following these suggestions, you can save time and money on your next freight shipment.

Pack and Weigh Tips

Packaging and weight are the two most important parts to freight shipping. Exact measurements and secure packaging taking the guessing game out of the quote process. It is important to properly pack your item for freight shipping to prevent damage. The ultimate goal is to be able to shake the box without repositioning its contents. The shipping contract between you and the carrier usually stipulates that the items be packed and properly secured to minimize the risk of damage during transport. Carriers can waive their liability if the proper guidelines for packing are not followed.

The weight of the item should be exact and must include packing materials like crates, pallets, bubble wrap, and straps. Provide the true weight of each shipment in order to receive the most accurate freight quote. Most businesses are equipped to weigh heavy loads, but certified weight scales are available locally.

Paperwork is Important

You will need to read and complete specific paperwork for each freight carrier or shipping company you choose to prepare your shipment. Freight documents outline special instructions or shipping guidelines that can save you a headache. These documents are typically called BOLs or bill of lading forms. You will need to use the appropriate bill of lading forms in order to receive discounted rates. If you don’t use the correct paperwork, your shipment could be delayed or you could be charged additional fees.

Be Ready for Delivery

When claiming your freight, whether at a terminal or at your business, be prepared to show BOL paperwork and identification showing that you are the actual recipient of the freight. The carrier will not just drop off your freight at your loading dock or office door without a signature, so make sure to make the proper arrangement on the day of your delivery.

More You Should Know

Commercial shippers use freight shipping because their businesses generally have stock to move in bulk.  With every repeat shipment, carriers and freight companies are more likely to give you deeper discounts. So if your business makes frequent daily, weekly or monthly shipments, there’s an added bonus in it for you. Establish a relationship with a reputable freight company so you can quickly and easily compare rates, track shipments, manage paperwork and speak to a designated account manager.

If you are looking for a freight company to help you through the freight quote process, can be a smart choice. They have been in the freight shipping business for years, and let you instantly compare rates and choose the best discounted price from all the top carriers. You can also use their RFP or request for pricing tool to get specialized handling of your quote.

I hope this article makes it easier for you to take advantage of all the benefits of freight shipping.


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